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Taxon: Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud.

 
Genus: Phragmites
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Arundinoideae
Tribe: Molinieae
Nomen number: 28091
Place of publication: Nomencl. bot. ed. 2, 1:143. 1840; 2:324. 1841
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 18-Aug-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 46 (5 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (fide Aquat Bot 51:87-101. 1996; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Medicines:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde, Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon (n.)
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Gambia, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa [Cape Province, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Bahrain, Kuwait, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russian Federation [Checheno-Ingushetia, Dagestan, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay-Cherkessia, Krasnodar, North Ossetia, Stavropol]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Buryatia, Gorno-Altay, Tuva, Yakutia-Sakha, Altay, Krasnoyarsk, Chita, Irkutsk, Kemerovo, Kurgan, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tomsk, Tyumen]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Primorye, Sakhalin]
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Tasmania, New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia (s.), Northern Territory]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation, [Kalmykia, Astrakhan, Rostov, Saratov, Volgograd] Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada [Northwest Territories (s.w.)]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas (n.), Delaware, Florida, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja California (Norte), Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Coahuila de Zaragoza, Durango, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Michoacán de Ocampo, Morelos, Nayarit, Puebla, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Yucatán]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Bahamas, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, St. Lucia, United States [Puerto Rico]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


    Naturalized

    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • United States (of European populations)


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

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  4. Boulos, L. & M. N. El-Hadidi. 1984. The weeds of Egypt.
  5. Boulos, L. 1995. Flora of Egypt checklist.
  6. Boulos, L. 1999-. Flora of Egypt
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  8. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  9. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
  10. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago.
  11. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 38.
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  13. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  14. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  15. Englert, J. M. et al. 1999-. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators
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  17. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  18. Fedorov, A. A., ed. 1999-. Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions (Engl. transl.).
  19. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
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  21. George, A. S., ed. 1980-. Flora of Australia.
  22. Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. 1990. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58
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  25. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
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Check other web resources for Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?28091. Accessed 14 December 2019.