Taxon: Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud.

 
Genus: Phragmites
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
      Tribe: Arundineae
Nomen number: 28091
Place of publication: Nomencl. bot. ed. 2, 1:143. 1840; 2:324. 1841
Name Verified on: 18-Aug-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 46 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (fide Aquat Bot 51:87-101. 1996; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . exact native range obscure

    Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya
    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    • South Tropical Africa: Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa - Cape Province, - Free State, - KwaZulu-Natal, - Transvaal; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Gambia; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Bahrain; Kuwait; Yemen
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Russian Federation - Checheno-Ingushetia, - Dagestan, - Kabardino-Balkaria, - Karachay-Cherkessia, - Krasnodar, - North Ossetia, - Stavropol
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Khabarovsk, - Primorye, - Amur, - Kamchatka, - Sakhalin
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Buryatia, - Gorno-Altay, - Tuva, - Yakutia-Sakha, - Altay, - Krasnoyarsk, - Chita, - Irkutsk, - Kemerovo, - Kurgan, - Novosibirsk, - Omsk, - Tomsk, - Tyumen
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - Tasmania, - New South Wales, - Queensland, - South Australia, - Victoria, - Western Australia, - Northern Territory
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - Rostov, - Volgograd; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Quebec, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - New Brunswick, - Newfoundland
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - Nebraska, - North Dakota, - Oklahoma, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte, - Baja Sur, - Chihuahua, - Coahuila, - Durango, - Nuevo Leon, - Tamaulipas
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Idaho, - Oregon, - Washington, - Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Delaware, - Florida, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche, - Chiapas, - Colima, - Guanajuato, - Jalisco, - Michoacan, - Morelos, - Nayarit, - Puebla, - Quintana Roo, - Tabasco, - Yucatan
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California, - Nevada, - Utah
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory
    • Western Canada: Canada - Saskatchewan, - Alberta, - Manitoba, - British Columbia
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Bahamas; Dominican Republic; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Puerto Rico; St. Lucia
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

  • Naturalized:

  • Australasia

    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Northern America

    • : United States

References:

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Synonyms:

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