Taxon: Phyllanthus emblica L.

 
Genus: Phyllanthus
Family: Phyllanthaceae
  Subfamily: Phyllanthoideae
      Tribe: Phyllantheae
Nomen number: 28119
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:982. 1753
Name Verified on: 25-Aug-2005 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 25-Aug-2005
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 14 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (fide CultTropS; F Bhutan)
  • Fuels: potential as fuelwood (fide Firewood Cr)
  • Materials: lipids (for cosmetics fide Mabberleys Pl Book)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide F Bhutan; Econ Bot 50:271. 1996; Pl Res SEAs 12(1):388. 1999; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Biodiv Conserv 13:459. 2004)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Fujian, - Guangdong, - Guizhou, - Hainan, - Jiangxi, - Sichuan, - Yunnan
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; Bhutan; India - Andhra Pradesh, - Assam, - Bihar, - Gujarat, - Haryana, - Himachal Pradesh, - Jammu and Kashmir, - Karnataka, - Kerala, - Madhya Pradesh, - Maharashtra, - Manipur, - Orissa, - Punjab, - Rajasthan, - Tamil Nadu, - Tripura, - Uttar Pradesh, - West Bengal; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Kalimantan, - Java, - Lesser Sunda Islands, - Sumatra; Malaysia

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult. in tropics

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Airy Shaw, H. K. 1971. The Euphorbiaceae of Siam Kew Bull. 26:319.
  • Airy Shaw, H. K. 1975. The Euphorbiaceae of Borneo Kew Bull. add. ser., 4:183.
  • Airy Shaw, H. K. 1981. The Euphorbiaceae of Sumatra Kew Bull. 36:337.
  • Airy Shaw, H. K. 1982. The Euphorbiaceae of Central Malesia (Celebes, Moluccas, Lesser Sunda Is.) Kew Bull. 37:32.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Balakrishnan, N. P. & T. Chakrabarty The family Euphorbiaceae in India; a synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography. 2007 (Euphorb India)
  • Bisset, N. G., ed. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis. 1994 (Herbal Drugs)
  • Cheung, Siu-cheong & Ning-hon Li, eds. Chinese medicinal herbs of Hong Kong. 1978- (Chin Med Herb HK)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Govaerts, R. et al. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae. 2000 (L Euphorb)
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. 1984- (F Bhutan)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Kala, C. P. et al. 2004. Prioritization of medicinal plants on the basis of available knowledge, existing practices and use value status in Uttaranchal, India Biodivers. & Conservation 13:459.
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Mabberley, D. J. Mabberley's plant-book: a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses, third edition. 2008 (Mabberleys Pl Book) 660.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • National Academy of Sciences Firewood crops. Shrub and tree species for energy production. 1980 (Firewood Cr)
  • Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):388.
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  • Shankar, U. et al. 1996. Extraction of non-timber forest products in the forests of Biligiri Rangan Hills, India. 3. Productivity extraction and prospects of sustainable harvest of Amla Phyllanthus embilica (Euphorbiaceae) Econ. Bot. 50:270-279.
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. 1979-1991 (F Viti)
  • Tirtha, SadaShiva The Ayurveda encyclopedia: Natural secrets to healing, prevention, and longevity. 1998 (Ayurveda Ency)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Phyllanthus emblica L. :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image