Taxon: Phyllanthus emblica L.

 
Genus: Phyllanthus
Family: Phyllanthaceae
Subfamily: Phyllanthoideae
Tribe: Phyllantheae
Nomen number: 28119
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:982. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 25-Aug-2005 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 25-Aug-2005
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (fide CultTropS; F Bhutan)
  • Fuels: potential as fuelwood ()
  • Materials: lipids (for cosmetics fide Mabberleys Pl Book)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide F Bhutan; Econ Bot 50:271. 1996; Pl Res SEAs 12(1):388. 1999; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Biodiv Conserv 13:459. 2004)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Fujian, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hainan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, [Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Karnataka] Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar (n.), Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, [Java, Kalimantan, Lesser Sunda Islands, Sumatra] Malaysia


    Cultivated (also cult. in tropics)

References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Airy Shaw, H. K. 1971. The Euphorbiaceae of Siam Kew Bull. 26:319.
  3. Airy Shaw, H. K. 1975. The Euphorbiaceae of Borneo Kew Bull. add. ser., 4:183.
  4. Airy Shaw, H. K. 1981. The Euphorbiaceae of Sumatra Kew Bull. 36:337.
  5. Airy Shaw, H. K. 1982. The Euphorbiaceae of Central Malesia (Celebes, Moluccas, Lesser Sunda Is.) Kew Bull. 37:32.
  6. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  7. Balakrishnan, N. P. & T. Chakrabarty The family Euphorbiaceae in India; a synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography. 2007 (Euphorb India)
  8. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  9. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  10. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  11. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  12. Govaerts, R. et al. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae. 2000 (L Euphorb)
  13. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  14. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  15. Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  16. Kala, C. P. et al. 2004. Prioritization of medicinal plants on the basis of available knowledge, existing practices and use value status in Uttaranchal, India Biodivers. & Conservation 13:459.
  17. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  18. Mabberley, D. J. Mabberley's plant-book: a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses, third edition. 2008 (Mabberleys Pl Book) 660.
  19. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  20. National Academy of Sciences Firewood crops. Shrub and tree species for energy production. 1980 (Firewood Cr)
  21. Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):388.
  22. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  23. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  24. Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  25. Shankar, U. et al. 1996. Extraction of non-timber forest products in the forests of Biligiri Rangan Hills, India. 3. Productivity extraction and prospects of sustainable harvest of Amla Phyllanthus embilica (Euphorbiaceae) Econ. Bot. 50:270-279.
  26. Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. (F Viti)

Check other web resources for Phyllanthus emblica L. :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?28119. Accessed 23 April 2018.