Taxon: Physocarpus opulifolius (L.) Maxim.

Genus: Physocarpus
Family: Rosaceae
  Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
      Tribe: Neillieae
Nomen number: 28236
Place of publication: Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 6:220. 1879, nom. cons. "opulifolia"
Comment: conserved (nom. cons.)(Melbourne ICN Art. 14.10 & App. IV) over the earlier homonym (Melbourne ICN Art. 53) P. opulifolius Raf., nom. rej.
Name Verified on: 13-Mar-1998 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-May-2014
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 37 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Krussmann)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario, - Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - Nebraska, - Oklahoma, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Maryland, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. elsewhere


    . also cult.


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Brummitt, R. K. 2005. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 57 (Taxon) 54:1098.
  • Chester, E. W. et al. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. 1993-1997 (Atlas Tenn)
  • Clapham, A. R. et al. Flora of the British Isles ed. 2. 1962 (F BritClap)
  • Cronquist, A. et al. Intermountain flora. 1972- (Intermt F)
  • Eilers, L. J. & D. M. Roosa The vascular plants of Iowa. 1994 (L Iowa)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage. 2000 (Zander ed16)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York. 1999 (F NE US)
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. 1986 (F GPlains)
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Atlas of the Flora of the Great Plains. 1977 (Atlas GPlains)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Oh, S. H. 2004. (1619) Proposal to conserve the name Physocarpus opulifolius (L.) Maxim. against Physocarpus opulifolius Raf. (Rosaceae) (Taxon) 53:212-213.
  • Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas. 1991 (L Minn)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. 1964 (F Carolin)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Seymour, F. The flora of New England. 1969 (F NEng)
  • Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. 1977 (F Missouri)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Voss, E. Michigan flora. 1972- (F Mich)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)
  • Wherry, E. T. et al. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. 1979 (Atlas Penn)


Check other web resources for Physocarpus opulifolius (L.) Maxim. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Physocarpus opulifolius cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image