Taxon: Picea abies (L.) H. Karst.

Genus: Picea
Family: Pinaceae
Nomen number: 28264
Place of publication: Deut. Fl. 324. 1881
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 12-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 22-May-1997
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Hortus 3)
  • Materials: essential oils (fide KrussmannC)
  • Materials: wood (fide HerbSpices)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Social: religious/secular (Christmas tree in Europe fide Eur Gard F)

Distributional Range:


  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus ; Estonia ; Latvia ; Lithuania ; Russian Federation-European part European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Czech Republic ; Germany ; Hungary ; Poland ; Slovakia ; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Finland ; Norway ; Sweden
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bosnia and Herzegovina ; Bulgaria ; Croatia ; Greece ; Italy ; Macedonia ; Montenegro ; Romania ; Serbia ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France

  • Naturalized



  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  • Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. (HerbSpices)
  • Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7. 2001 (L Noms French ed7)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Farjon, A. Pinaceae: Drawings and descriptions of the genera Abies, Cedrus, Pseudolarix, Keteleeria, Nothotsuga, Tsuga, Cathaya, Pseudotsuga, Larix and Picea. Regnum Veg. 121. 1990 (Pinaceae)
  • Farjon, A. World checklist and bibliography of conifers. 1998 (L Conifers)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees. (Mult Glossary Trees)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated conifers (English translation of Die Nadelgeholze, ed. 2. 1983). 1985 (KrussmannC)
  • Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. (F Korea)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Silba, J. 1986. Encyclopaedia Coniferae Phytologia Mem. 8:116.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964. Flora europaea. (F Eur) 1:31.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)


Check other web resources for Picea abies (L.) H. Karst. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Picea abies cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image