Taxon: Picea mariana (Mill.) Britton et al.

Genus: Picea
Family: Pinaceae
Nomen number: 28305
Place of publication: Prelim. cat. 71. 1888
Name Verified on: 12-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 22-May-1997
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Zander ed14)
  • Materials: essential oils (fide HerbSpices 2:190. 1987)
  • Materials: wood (fide AH 519)
  • Social: religious/secular (also as Christmas tree fide AH 519)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Quebec, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Prince Edward Island, - New Brunswick, - Newfoundland
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Minnesota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory, - Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada - Saskatchewan, - Alberta, - Manitoba, - British Columbia

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. 1986-1987 (HerbSpices) 2:190.
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Garibaldi, A. Medicinal flora of the Alaska natives: a compilation of knowledge from literary sources of Aleut, Alutiiq, Athabascan, Eyak, Haida, Inupiat, Tlingit, Tsimshian traditional healing methods using plants. 1999 (Med F AlaskaNat)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees. 1971 (Mult Glossary Trees)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Important forest trees of the United States. 1978 (AH 519)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Silba, J. 1986. Encyclopaedia Coniferae Phytologia Mem. 8:122.


Check other web resources for Picea mariana (Mill.) Britton et al. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Picea mariana cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image