Taxon: Pinus brutia Ten.

Genus: Pinus
  Subgenus: Pinus
    Section: Pinus
      Subsection: Pinaster
Family: Pinaceae
Nomen number: 28422
Place of publication: Fl. napol. 1:lxxii. 1811-1815
Name Verified on: 25-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 30-Sep-2008
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 9 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Calabrian pine  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • Turkish pine  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • türkische Kiefer  (Source: Zander ed17) - German

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard)
  • Materials: wood (timber fide Ency WTimber)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Georgia
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Iraq; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Ukraine - Krym
    • Southeastern Europe: Bulgaria; Greece; Italy - Calabria

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.


  • Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Farjon, A. Pines, drawings and descriptions of the genus Pinus. 1984 (Pines)
  • Farjon, A. World checklist and bibliography of conifers. 1998 (L Conifers)
  • Farjon, A. World checklist and bibliography of conifers, ed. 2. 2001 (L Conifers ed2)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Gallis, A. T. & C. P. Panetsos 1997. Use of cortical terpenes to discriminate Pinus brutia (Ten.), Pinus halepensis (Mill.) and their hybrids Silvae Genet. 46:82-88.
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. 1972- (Atlas Eur)
  • Kaundun, S. S. et al. 1997. Genetic differences between Pinus halepensis, Pinus brutia and Pinus eldarica based on needle flavonoids Biochem. Syst. & Ecol. 25:553-562.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated conifers (English translation of Die Nadelgeholze, ed. 2. 1983). 1985 (KrussmannC)
  • Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. 1977-1985 (F Cyprus)
  • Panetsos, C. P. 1975. Natural hybridization between Pinus halepensis and Pinus brutia in Greece Silvae Genet. 24:163-168.
  • Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. 1982 (F Ital)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Silba, J. 1986. Encyclopaedia Coniferae Phytologia Mem. 8:133.
  • Strid, A. & K. Tan, eds. Flora hellenica. 1997- (F Hellenica)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, second edition. 1993 (F Eur ed2)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)


Check other web resources for Pinus brutia Ten. :