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Taxon: Pinus brutia Ten.

 
Genus: Pinus
Subgenus: Pinus
Section: Pinus
Subsection: Pinaster
Family: Pinaceae
Nomen number: 28422
Place of publication: Fl. napol. 1:lxxii. 1811-1815
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 25-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 9 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • Calabrian pine  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • Turkish pine  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • türkische Kiefer  (Source: Zander ed17) - German

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Materials: wood (timber)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Iraq, Lebanon, Syria (w.), Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Georgia

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Ukraine [Krym]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria (s.), Greece (incl. Crete & Aegean Islands), Italy [Calabria (extirpated?)]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature Note: = Pinus halepensis var. brutia (Ten.) A. Henry
  2. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  3. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  4. Farjon, A. 1984. Pines, drawings and descriptions of the genus Pinus
  5. Farjon, A. 1998. World checklist and bibliography of conifers
  6. Farjon, A. 2001. World checklist and bibliography of conifers, ed. 2
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Pinus+brutia&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  8. Gallis, A. T. & C. P. Panetsos. 1997. Use of cortical terpenes to discriminate Pinus brutia (Ten.), Pinus halepensis (Mill.) and their hybrids. Silvae Genet. 46:82-88. Note: occurrence of various chemotypes within parental species and hybrids in different rates has the result to separate the taxa and distinguish the hybrids
  9. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  10. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  11. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae.
  12. Kaundun, S. S. et al. 1997. Genetic differences between Pinus halepensis, Pinus brutia and Pinus eldarica based on needle flavonoids. Biochem. Syst. & Ecol. 25:553-562. Note: needle flavonoids showed that Pinus halepensis and P. brutia are 2 distinct species
  13. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  14. Krüssmann, G. 1985. Manual of cultivated conifers (English translation of Die Nadelgeholze, ed. 2. 1983)
  15. Meikle, R. D. 1977-1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  16. Panetsos, C. P. 1975. Natural hybridization between Pinus halepensis and Pinus brutia in Greece. Silvae Genet. 24:163-168.
  17. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  18. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  19. Silba, J. 1986. Encyclopaedia Coniferae. Phytologia Mem. 8:133.
  20. Strid, A. & K. Tan, eds. 1997-. Flora hellenica. Note: = Pinus halepensis subsp. brutia (Ten.) Holmboe
  21. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, ed. 2. Note: = Pinus halepensis subsp. brutia (Ten.) Holmboe
  22. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora. Note: = Pinus halepensis var. brutia

Check other web resources for Pinus brutia Ten. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?28422. Accessed 15 July 2019.