Taxon: Pinus edulis Engelm.

Genus: Pinus
  Subgenus: Strobus
    Section: Parrya
      Subsection: Cembroides
Family: Pinaceae
Nomen number: 28445
Place of publication: F. A. Wislizenus, Mem. tour N. Mexico 88. 1848
Name Verified on: 12-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 30-Sep-2008
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 10 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (for Christmas trees fide AH 519)
  • Human food: seeds (fide Edible Nuts; F Utah ed2)
  • Fuels: fuelwood (fide F Utah ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Oklahoma
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Chihuahua
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California, - Utah

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.


  • Cronquist, A. et al. Intermountain flora. 1972- (Intermt F)
  • Duke, J. A. Handbook of Nuts. CRC Press. 1989 (Handb Nuts)
  • Farjon, A. Pines, drawings and descriptions of the genus Pinus. 1984 (Pines)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees. 1971 (Mult Glossary Trees)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Important forest trees of the United States. 1978 (AH 519)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  • Magness, J. R. et al. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1. 1971 (Crops US)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Perry, J. P., Jr. The pines of Mexico and Central America. 1991 (Pines Mex CAmer)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rosengarten, F. The book of edible nuts. 1984 (Edible Nuts)
  • Welsh, S. L. et al. A Utah flora. 1993 (F Utah ed2)


Check other web resources for Pinus edulis Engelm. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image