Taxon: Pinus strobus L.

 
Genus: Pinus
  Subgenus: Strobus
    Section: Quinquefoliae
      Subsection: Strobus
Family: Pinaceae
Nomen number: 28551
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1001. 1753
Name Verified on: 13-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 30-Sep-2008
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 13 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: agroforestry (fide AH 654)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide AH 519)
  • Materials: fiber (for pulpwood fide AH 519)
  • Materials: gum/resin (fide AH 519; HerbSpices)
  • Materials: wood (fide AH 519; HerbSpices)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Social: religious/secular (used as a Christmas tree fide http://hort.ufl.edu/trees/pinstra.pdf,)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, - Newfoundland, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Prince Edward Island, - Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Minnesota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Delaware, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Maryland, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
    • Western Canada: Canada - Manitoba

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  • Burns, R. M. & B. H. Honkala, eds. Silvics of North America: 1. Conifers; 2. Hardwoods. Agriculture Handbook 654. 1990 (AH 654)
  • Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. 1986-1987 (HerbSpices)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Farjon, A. & B. T. Styles 1997. Pinus (Pinaceae) Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 75:215.
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Gilman, E. F. & D. G. Watson 1994. Pinus strobus : eastern white pine
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees. 1971 (Mult Glossary Trees)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated conifers (English translation of Die Nadelgeholze, ed. 2. 1983). 1985 (KrussmannC)
  • Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. 1997 (F Korea)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Important forest trees of the United States. 1978 (AH 519)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  • Lyke, J. Appendix D. Medicinal plants native to the United States: indicators of rarity and threat. 2001 (Med Pl Native US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Silba, J. 1986. Encyclopaedia Coniferae Phytologia Mem. 8:163.
  • Stace, C. New flora of the British Isles. 1995 (F BritStace)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Pinus strobus L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image