Taxon: Amelanchier alnifolia (Nutt.) Nutt. ex M. Roem.

Genus: Amelanchier
Family: Rosaceae
  Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
      Tribe: Maleae
        Subtribe: Malinae
Nomen number: 2870
Place of publication: Fam. nat. syn. monogr. 3:147. 1847 (T. Nuttall, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 7:22. 1834, nom. nud.)
Name Verified on: 09-Dec-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 01-Feb-2012
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 202 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • juneberry  (Source: Trees US) - English
  • Pacific serviceberry  (Source: Trees US) - English
  • saskatoon  (Source: Glea Cron ed2) - English
  • saskatoon serviceberry  (Source: Trees US) - English
  • saskatoon-berry  (Source: F Canada) - English
  • western juneberry  (Source: Mansf Ency) - English
  • western serviceberry  (Source: Trees US) - English
  • western shadbush  (Source: Trees US) - English
  • erlenblättrige Felsenbirne  (Source: Zander Ency) - German

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (for riparian areas, reclamation, and shelterbelts fide Dict Gard)
  • Environmental: revegetator (for riparian areas, reclamation, and shelterbelts fide Dict Gard)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter (for riparian areas, reclamation, and shelterbelts fide Dict Gard)
  • Human food: fruit (fide Food Feed Crops US; NRCS Cons Pl Mat 2001)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Quebec, - Ontario
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Iowa, - Minnesota, - Nebraska, - North Dakota, - South Dakota
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Idaho, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California, - Utah
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory, - Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada - Saskatchewan, - Alberta, - Manitoba, - British Columbia

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.


  • Eilers, L. J. & D. M. Roosa The vascular plants of Iowa. 1994 (L Iowa)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. 1955-1969 (F Pacif NW)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Kartesz, J. T. & K. N. Gandhi 1992. Nomenclatural notes for the North American flora. XI (Phytologia) 73:129.
  • Kindscher, K. Medicinal wild plants of the prairie: an ethnobotanical guide. 1992 (Med Wild Pl Prairie)
  • Landry, P. 1975. Le concept d'espèce et la taxinomie du genre Amelanchier (Rosacées) Bull. Soc. Bot. France 122:249.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. 1986 (F GPlains)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Moss, E. H. & J. G. Packer Flora of Alberta, ed. 2. 1983 (F Alberta)
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas. 1991 (L Minn)
  • Porsild, A. E. & W. J. Cody Vascular plants of continental Northwest Territories, Canada. 1980 (F NW Terr)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)
  • Welsh, S. L. et al. A Utah flora. 1993 (F Utah ed2)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)


Check other web resources for Amelanchier alnifolia (Nutt.) Nutt. ex M. Roem. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • New World Fruits Database: Online database from Bioversity International
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Amelanchier alnifolia cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image