Taxon: Poa pratensis L.

Genus: Poa
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Pooideae
      Tribe: Poeae
        Subtribe: Poinae
Nomen number: 28996
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:67. 1753, nom. cons.
Comment: conserved (nom. cons.) with a conserved type (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.9 & App. IV)
Name Verified on: 13-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-May-2013
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 944 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (as cover crop fide Cover Crop Database)
  • Environmental: lawn/turf (for turf fide Grass VarUSA)
  • Environmental: soil improver (as cover crop fide Cover Crop Database)
  • Animal food: fodder (fide F Iraq; F Pak)
  • Animal food: forage (fide F Iraq; F Pak)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA; Intermt F; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya; Morocco
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation-Far East - Far East
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Svalbard and Jan Mayen; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, - Newfoundland, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - Nebraska, - North Dakota, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Idaho, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Delaware, - Kentucky, - Maryland, - North Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California, - Nevada, - Utah
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory, - Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, - British Columbia, - Manitoba, - Saskatchewan

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
    • Southern Africa: Lesotho; South Africa
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Northern America

    • : Mexico
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile
    • Western South America: Colombia; Peru

  • Cultivated:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
  • Europe

    • : Europe; United States
  • Northern America

    • : Europe; United States


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  • Zelnik, U. et al. 2008. Revegetation of motorway slopes using different seed mixtures Restorat. Ecol. 18:449-456.

Check other web resources for Poa pratensis L. :


  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image