Taxon: Poa pratensis L.

Genus: Poa
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Poeae
Subtribe: Poinae
Nomen number: 28996
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:67. 1753, nom. cons.
Link to protologue:
Comment: conserved (nom. cons.) with a conserved type (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.9 & App. IV)
Name Verified on: 13-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-May-2013
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 825 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (as cover crop fide Cover Crop Database)
  • Environmental: lawn/turf (for turf fide Grass VarUSA)
  • Environmental: soil improver (as cover crop fide Cover Crop Database)
  • Animal food: fodder (fide F Iraq; F Pak)
  • Animal food: forage (fide F Iraq; F Pak)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA; Intermt F; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal Madeira Islands; Spain Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Libya ; Morocco
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia
    • Caucasus: Armenia ; Azerbaijan ; Georgia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan ; Kyrgyzstan ; Tajikistan ; Turkmenistan ; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation-Far East Far East
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan ; Cyprus ; Iran ; Iraq ; Israel ; Jordan ; Lebanon ; Syria ; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India ; Pakistan
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus ; Estonia ; Latvia ; Lithuania ; Moldova ; Russian Federation-European part European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Belgium ; Czech Republic ; Germany ; Hungary ; Netherlands ; Poland ; Slovakia ; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; Finland ; Ireland ; Norway ; Svalbard and Jan Mayen ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bulgaria ; Croatia ; Greece ; Italy ; Romania ; Serbia ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    • Subarctic America: Canada Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory; United States Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan

  • Naturalized

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal Azores
    • Southern Africa: Lesotho ; South Africa
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Northern America

    • Mexico
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States Hawaii
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina ; Chile
    • Western South America: Colombia ; Peru

  • Cultivated

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
  • Europe

    • Europe
  • Northern America

    • United States


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  • Zelnik, U. et al. 2008. Revegetation of motorway slopes using different seed mixtures Restorat. Ecol. 18:449-456.

Check other web resources for Poa pratensis L. :


  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image