Taxon: Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf.

 
Genus: Poncirus
Family: Rutaceae
Subfamily: Aurantioideae
Tribe: Aurantieae
Subtribe: Citrinae
Nomen number: 29344
Place of publication: Sylva tellur. 143. 1838
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 15-May-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 15-May-2008
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Riverside (RIV)
Accessions: 81 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Gene sources: cold tolerance for citrus (fide Citrus CGC, pers. comm. 1998)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for citrus (fide Citrus CGC, pers. comm. 1998)
  • Gene sources: dwarfing for citrus (fide Citrus CGC, pers. comm. 1998)
  • Gene sources: graft stock for citrus (fide Euphytica 118:180. 2001)
  • Gene sources: graft stock for kumquats (fide Pl Res SEAs 2:171. 1991)
  • Gene sources: poor-soil tolerance for citrus (fide Citrus CGC, pers. comm. 1998)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of disease-resistant graft stock for mandarin/tangelo (based on somatic hybrids with Citrus reticulata fide Euphytica 118:180. 2001)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of citrus crops (based on crossing barriers with Citrus fide Wild Crop Rel Trp Fr 3:46. 2011)
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Anhui, Gansu (s.), Guangdong (n.), Guangxi (n.), Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi (n.w.), Shaanxi (s.), Shandong, Shanxi (s.), Zhejiang]


    Cultivated (widely cult. in temperate regions)

References:

  1. Bhusal, R. C. et al. 2002. Selection of rootstocks for flooding and drought tolerance in citrus species Pakistan J. Biol. Sci. 5:509-512.
  2. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  3. Cantuarias-Avilés, T. et al. 2010. Tree performance and fruit yield and quality of 'Okitsu' Satsuma mandarin grafted on 12 rootstocks Sci. Hort. 123:318-322.
  4. Citrus Crop Germplasm Committee 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  5. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  6. Courboulex, M. & H. de Lorrain Les agrumes: oranges, citron, pamplemousses, kumquats. (Les Agrumes)
  7. Dambier, D. et al. 2011. Somatic hybridization for citrus rootstock breeding: an effective tool to solve important issues of the Mediterranean citrus industry Pl. Cell Rep. 30:883-900.
  8. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  9. Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  10. Forest Experimental Station, Korea Illustrated woody plants of Korea. (WPl Korea)
  11. Froelicher, Y. et al. 2011. New universal mitochondrial PCR markers reveal new information on maternal citrus phylogeny Tree Genet. Genomes 7:49-61.
  12. Gmitter, F. G. et al. 2009. Citrus breeding (Breed Pl Tree Crops) 105-134.
  13. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  14. Jiangsu Inst. Bot., ed. v. 1; Shan. R. H., ed. v. 2 Jiangsu Zhiwuzhi (Flora of Jiangsu). (F Chiangsu)
  15. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  16. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  17. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  18. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  19. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  20. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:119.
  21. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  22. Natural Products Research Institute, Seoul National University Medicinal plants in the Republic of Korea. WHO Regional Publications Western Pacific Series No. 21. (Med Pl Korea)
  23. Penjor, T. et al. 2013. Phylogenetic relationships of Citrus and its relatives based on matK gene sequences (PloS One) 8(4): e62574.
  24. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  25. Rao, N. M. et al. 2011. Chapter 3. Citrus (Wild Crop Rel Trp Fr) 46, 49.
  26. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  27. Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  28. Spiegel-Roy, P. & E. E. Goldschmidt Biology of Citrus. Cambridge Univ. Press. 1996 (Biol Citrus)
  29. Steward, A. N. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. (F LowYangtze)
  30. Swingle, W. T. & P. C. Reece The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives. (Bot Citrus)
  31. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts (Pl Res SEAs) 2:171.
  32. Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)
  33. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?29344. Accessed 24 May 2018.