Taxon: Populus balsamifera L.

 
Genus: Populus
Family: Salicaceae
Nomen number: 29365
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1034. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 11-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 11-May-2011
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • balsam poplar  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • bamtree  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • eastern balsam poplar  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • hackmatack  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • tacamahac poplar  (Source: Ency WTimber) - English
  • tacamahaca  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • baumier  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • peuplier baumier  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Balsampappel  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • álamo balsámico  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • balsampoppel  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard)
  • Materials: wood (timber fide Ency WTimber)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec; St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States Colorado, Montana, Wyoming
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Delaware
    • Subarctic America: Canada Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory; United States Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Nunavut, Saskatchewan

  • Cultivated


References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  • Dorn, R. D. Manual of the vascular plants of Wyoming. 1977 (F Wyom)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 1963 (Glea Cron)
  • Harrington, H. Manual of the plants of Colorado. 1954 (F Colo)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Atlas of the Flora of the Great Plains. (Atlas GPlains)
  • Mohlenbrock, R. H. & D. M. Ladd Distribution of Illinois vascular plants. 1978 (Atlas Ill)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Voss, E. Michigan flora. 1972- (F Mich)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Check other web resources for Populus balsamifera L. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Populus balsamifera cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.