Taxon: Prosopis chilensis (Molina) Stuntz

Genus: Prosopis
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
      Tribe: Mimoseae
Nomen number: 29747
Place of publication: Invent. Seeds U.S.D.A. Bur. Pl. Industr. 31:85. 1914
Name Verified on: 07-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 14-Dec-2005
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 27 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Firewood Cr)
  • Human food: beverage base (made of pods fide Names Soukup)
  • Animal food: fodder (fide Trop Leg)
  • Fuels: charcoal (fide Firewood Cr)
  • Fuels: fuelwood (fide Firewood Cr)

Distributional Range:


  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina - Cordoba, - Mendoza, - Catamarca, - La Rioja, - Salta, - San Juan, - San Luis, - Santiago del Estero, - Tucuman; Chile
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Peru - Arequipa, - Cuzco, - Lima, - Piura

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.


  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Burkart, A. 1976. A monograph of the genus Prosopis (Leguminosae subfam. Mimosoideae) J. Arnold Arbor. 57:495.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  • National Academy of Sciences Tropical legumes: resources for the future. 1979 (Trop Leg)
  • National Academy of Sciences Firewood crops. Shrub and tree species for energy production. 1980 (Firewood Cr)
  • Pinto, M. & E. Riveros 1989. Variation of fruit production and quality of different ecotypes of Chilean algarrobo (Prosopis chilensis (Mol.) Stunz. In: G. E. Wickens et al., New crops for food and industry (New Crops Food Ind) 280-287.
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Soukup, J. Vocabulario de los nombres vulgares de la flora peruana. 1970 (Names Soukup) 276.
  • Vazquez-Garciduenas, S. et al. 2003. Morphological and molecular data to determine the origin and taxonomic status of Prosopis chilensis var. riojana (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae) Canad. J. Bot. 81:905-917.
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. 1996, 1999 (L Argent)


Check other web resources for Prosopis chilensis (Molina) Stuntz :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image