Taxon: Prunella vulgaris L.

 
Genus: Prunella
Family: Lamiaceae (alt.Labiatae)
  Subfamily: Nepetoideae
      Tribe: Mentheae
Nomen number: 29826
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:600. 1753
Name Verified on: 08-Nov-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 07-Jan-2009
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 50 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)

Distributional Range:

    Uncertain:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores

  • Other:

    . exact native range obscure

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China - Fujian, - Gansu, - Guangdong, - Guangxi, - Guizhou, - Henan, - Hubei, - Hunan, - Jiangxi, - Shaanxi, - Sichuan, - Xinjiang, - Xizang, - Yunnan, - Zhejiang
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, - Honshu, - Kyushu, - Shikoku; Korea; Taiwan
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation-Far East - Far East
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, - Buryatia, - Gorno-Altay, - Irkutsk, - Kemerovo, - Krasnoyarsk, - Kurgan, - Novosibirsk, - Omsk, - Tomsk, - Tuva, - Tyumen, - Yakutia-Sakha
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Quebec, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Prince Edward Island, - New Brunswick, - Newfoundland
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - Nebraska, - North Dakota, - Oklahoma, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Idaho, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington, - Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Delaware, - Florida, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California, - Nevada, - Utah
    • Subarctic America: United States - Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, - Manitoba, - British Columbia

  • Naturalized:

    . widely natzd.

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Bensky, D., A. Gamble, & T. J. Kaptchuk Chinese herbal medicine: Materia medica, rev. ed. 1993 (Chin Herb Med)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables. 1974 (Weed TabCIBA)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6. 1996 (L Noms French ed6)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Dyer, R. A. et al., eds. Flora of southern Africa. 1963- (F SAfr)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Foster, S. & C. Hobbs A field guide to Western medicinal plants and herbs. 2002 (W Med Pl Herbs)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine Medicinal plants in China: a selection of 150 commonly used species. WHO Regional Publications, Western Pacific Series no. 2. 1989 (Med Pl China)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  • Keys, J. D. Chinese herbs: their botany, chemistry, and pharmacodynamics. 1976 (Chin Herbs)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  • Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. 1997 (F Korea)
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York. 1999 (F NE US)
  • Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins A flora of New Mexico. 1980 (F New Mex)
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. 1986 (F GPlains)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Moore, M. Medicinal plants of the mountain west, ed. 2. 2003 (Med Pl MtW)
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. 1966- (F Liban)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • National Institute for the Control of Pharmaceutical & Biological Products Colour atlas of Chinese traditional drugs, Vol 1. 1987 (Atlas Chin Drugs)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). 2005 (L Azores)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Yen, Kun-Ying Illustrated Chinese materia medica: crude drugs. 1980 (Ill Chin Mat Med CrD)

Check other web resources for Prunella vulgaris L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image