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Taxon: Prunus armeniaca L.

 
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Prunus
Section: Armeniaca
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 29841
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:474. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358493
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 22-Mar-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 2219 (382 active, 140 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production
  • Environmental: revegetator (for land reclamation)
  • Human food: beverage base (as Armeniaca vulgaris) fruit; fruit (as Armeniaca vulgaris) seeds; seeds (as Armeniaca vulgaris)
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kyrgyzstan
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Korea


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized

    Asia-Temperate
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/cultural/Prunus_armeniaca_K/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA. Syst. Bot. 26:797-807. URL: www.aspt.net/systematic-botany
  4. Browicz, K. & D. Zohary. 1996. The genus Amygdalus L. (Rosaceae): species relationships, distribution and evolution under domestication. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 43:229-247. Note: cites this taxon as "Armeniaca vulgaris L."
  5. Burkart, A. E., ed. 1969-. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios.
  6. Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae). Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34-48.
  7. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. Note: = Armeniaca vulgaris Lam.
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. Note: = Armeniaca vulgaris Lam.
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  10. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  11. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  12. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  13. Folta, K. M. & S. E. Gardiner. 2009. Genomics-based opportunities in apricot. Genetics and genomics of Rosaceae 315-335.
  14. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Prunus+armeniaca&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  15. Fu, Y. C. et al. 1977-. Flora intramongolica.
  16. Gilbert, L. 1998. pers. comm. Note: re. English common names
  17. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  18. Hagen, L. S. et al. 2002. Genetic diversity in apricot revealed by AFLP markers: species and cultivar comparisons. Theor. Appl. Genet. 105:298-305. Note: this study found evidence for the recognition of Prunus armeniaca to include at the varietal level P. ansu, P. mandshurica and P. holosericea
  19. Ham, H. 2009. Apricot breeding. Breeding plantation tree crops: temperate species 83-103. Note: cites Prunus armeniaca and P. cerasifera as parental species of P. daycarpa by natural hybridizaton
  20. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  21. Hartmann, W. & M. Neumüller. 2009. Plum breeding. Breeding plantation tree crops: temperate species 161-231.
  22. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  23. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  24. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada.
  25. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR. Note: = Armeniaca vulgaris Lam.
  26. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976)
  27. Ledbetter, C. A. 2008. Chapter 2. Apricots. Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics 39-82.
  28. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  29. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  30. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  31. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  32. Mehlenbacher, S. A. et al. 1991. Apricots (Prunus). Acta Hort. 290:65-110. Note: it discusses Prunus × dasycarpa, a natural occurring hybrid between P. cerasifera and P. armeniaca
  33. Meikle, R. D. 1977-1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  34. Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner. 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129-133.
  35. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). Note: = Prunus ansu (Maxim.) Komar.
  36. Ortega-Sada, J. L. 1987. Flora de interes apicola y polinizacion de cultivos.
  37. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  38. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  39. Reales, A. et al. 2010. Phylogenetics of Eurasian plums, Prunus L. section Prunus (Rosaceae), according to coding and non-coding chloroplast DNA sequences. Tree Genet. Genomes 6:37-45.
  40. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica. Note: = Armeniaca vulgaris Lam.
  41. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  42. Shi, S. et al. 2013. Phylogeny and classification of Prunus sensu lato (Rosaceae). J. Integr. Pl. Biol. 55:1069-1079.
  43. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  44. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  45. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: = Armeniaca vulgaris Lam.
  46. Zhong Guo & Hua Jing. 1993. China floral encyclopaedia.

Check other web resources for Prunus armeniaca L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?29841. Accessed 5 December 2019.