Taxon: Prunus armeniaca L.

 
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Prunus
Section: Armeniaca
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 29841
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:474. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 22-Mar-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 22-Mar-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV)
Accessions: 379 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production ()
  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Environmental: revegetator (for land reclamation)
  • Human food: beverage base ()
  • Human food: beverage base (as Armeniaca vulgaris)
  • Human food: fruit ()
  • Human food: fruit (as Armeniaca vulgaris)
  • Human food: seeds ()
  • Human food: seeds (as Armeniaca vulgaris)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for European plum (fide Breed Pl Tree Crops 214. 2009)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of Japanese plum (hybrids between Prunus salicina and P. armeniaca are known as "plumcots")
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of myrobalan plum (based on crossability with Prunus cerasifera)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of European plum (based on affinities to hexaploid Prunus domestica)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of peach ()
  • Materials: essential oils ()
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kyrgyzstan
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Korea


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized

    Asia-Temperate
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA Syst. Bot. 26:797-807.
  4. Browicz, K. & D. Zohary 1996. The genus Amygdalus L. (Rosaceae): species relationships, distribution and evolution under domestication Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 43:229-247.
  5. Burkart, A. E., ed. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios. (F EntreR)
  6. Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae) Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34-48.
  7. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  10. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  11. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  12. Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  13. Folta, K. M. & S. E. Gardiner 2009. Genomics-based opportunities in apricot (Genet Genom Rosaceae) 315-335.
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  15. Fu, Y. C. et al. Flora intramongolica. (F InnMong)
  16. Gilbert, L. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  17. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  18. Hagen, L. S. et al. 2002. Genetic diversity in apricot revealed by AFLP markers: species and cultivar comparisons Theor. Appl. Genet. 105:298-305.
  19. Ham, H. 2009. Apricot breeding (Breed Pl Tree Crops) 83-103.
  20. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  21. Hartmann, W. & M. Neumüller 2009. Plum breeding (Breed Pl Tree Crops) 184.
  22. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  23. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  24. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  25. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  26. Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  27. Ledbetter, C. A. 2008. Chapter 2. Apricots (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 39-82.
  28. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  29. Liu, W. et al. 2007. Interspecific hybridization of Prunus persica with P. armeniaca and P. salicina using embryo rescue Pl. Cell Tissue Organ Cult. 88:289-299.
  30. Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  31. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  32. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  33. Mehlenbacher, S. A. et al. 1991. Apricots (Prunus) Acta Hort. 290:65-110.
  34. Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. (F Cyprus)
  35. Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129-133.
  36. Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  37. Ortega-Sada, J. L. Flora de interes apicola y polinizacion de cultivos. (F Int Apico)
  38. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  39. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  40. Reales, A. et al. 2010. Phylogenetics of Eurasian plums, Prunus L. section Prunus (Rosaceae), according to coding and non-coding chloroplast DNA sequences Tree Genet. Genomes 6:37-45.
  41. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  42. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  43. Shi, S. et al. 2013. Phylogeny and classification of Prunus sensu lato (Rosaceae) J. Integr. Pl. Biol. 55:1069-1079.
  44. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  45. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  46. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  47. Zhong Guo & Hua Jing China floral encyclopaedia. (China FlEncy)

Check other web resources for Prunus armeniaca L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?29841. Accessed 23 April 2018.