Taxon: Prunus armeniaca L.

 
Genus: Prunus
  Subgenus: Prunus
    Section: Armeniaca
Family: Rosaceae
  Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
      Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 29841
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:474. 1753
Name Verified on: 22-Mar-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 22-Mar-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV)
Accessions: 2202 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production (fide F Int Apico)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Krussmann)
  • Environmental: revegetator (for land reclamation fide L. Gilbert, pers. comm. 1998)
  • Human food: beverage base (fide Krussmann, F ChinaEng, as Armeniaca vulgaris)
  • Human food: fruit (fide Krussmann; F ChinaEng, as Armeniaca vulgaris)
  • Human food: seeds (fide Krussmann, F ChinaEng, as Armeniaca vulgaris)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for plum (fide Breed Pl Tree Crops 214. 2009)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of Japanese plum (hybrids between Prunus salicina and P. armeniaca are known as "plumcots" fide Breed Pl Tree Crops 184. 2009)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of myrobalan plum (based on crossability with Prunus cerasifera fide Acta Hort 290:71-72. 1991)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of peach (fide Pl Cell Tiss Cult 88:289. 2007)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of plum (based on affinities to hexaploid Prunus domestica fide J Integr Pl Biol 55:1073, 1074. 2013)
  • Materials: essential oils (fide Pl Book)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . exact native range obscure

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Korea
    • Middle Asia: Kyrgyzstan

  • Naturalized:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Eastern Asia: Japan

  • Cultivated:

    . widely cult.

References:

  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Bensky, D., A. Gamble, & T. J. Kaptchuk Chinese herbal medicine: Materia medica, rev. ed. 1993 (Chin Herb Med)
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA Syst. Bot. 26:797-807.
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA Syst. Bot. 26:797-807.
  • Browicz, K. & D. Zohary 1996. The genus Amygdalus L. (Rosaceae): species relationships, distribution and evolution under domestication Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 43:229-247.
  • Browicz, K. & D. Zohary 1996. The genus Amygdalus L. (Rosaceae): species relationships, distribution and evolution under domestication Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 43:229-247.
  • Burkart, A. E., ed. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios. 1969- (F EntreR)
  • Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae) Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34-48.
  • Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae) Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34-48.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • Folta, K. M. & S. E. Gardiner 2009. Genomics-based opportunities in apricot (Genet Genom Rosaceae) 315-335.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Foster, S. & V. E. Tyler Tyler's honest herbal: a sensible guide to the use of herbs and related remedies, ed. 4. 1999 (Tyler Herbal)
  • Fu, Y. C. et al. Flora intramongolica. 1977- (F InnMong)
  • Gilbert, L. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hagen, L. S. et al. 2002. Genetic diversity in apricot revealed by AFLP markers: species and cultivar comparisons Theor. Appl. Genet. 105:298-305.
  • Hagen, L. S. et al. 2002. Genetic diversity in apricot revealed by AFLP markers: species and cultivar comparisons Theor. Appl. Genet. 105:298-305.
  • Ham, H. 2009. Apricot breeding (Breed Pl Tree Crops) 83-103.
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Hartmann, W. & M. Neumüller 2009. Plum breeding (Breed Pl Tree Crops) 184.
  • Hartmann, W. & M. Neumüller 2009. Plum breeding (Breed Pl Tree Crops) 184.
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine Medicinal plants in China: a selection of 150 commonly used species. WHO Regional Publications, Western Pacific Series no. 2. 1989 (Med Pl China)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Keys, J. D. Chinese herbs: their botany, chemistry, and pharmacodynamics. 1976 (Chin Herbs)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Ledbetter, C. A. 2008. Chapter 2. Apricots (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 39-82.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Liu, W. et al. 2007. Interspecific hybridization of Prunus persica with P. armeniaca and P. salicina using embryo rescue Pl. Cell Tissue Organ Cult. 88:289-299.
  • Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Mehlenbacher, S. A. et al. 1991. Apricots (Prunus) Acta Hort. 290:65-110.
  • Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. 1977-1985 (F Cyprus)
  • Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129-133.
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). 1965 (F JapanOhwi)
  • Ortega-Sada, J. L. Flora de interes apicola y polinizacion de cultivos. 1987 (F Int Apico)
  • Peirce, A. The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines. 1999 (Pract Guide Nat Med)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Reales, A. et al. 2010. Phylogenetics of Eurasian plums, Prunus L. section Prunus (Rosaceae), according to coding and non-coding chloroplast DNA sequences Tree Genet. Genomes 6:37-45.
  • Reales, A. et al. 2010. Phylogenetics of Eurasian plums, Prunus L. section Prunus (Rosaceae), according to coding and non-coding chloroplast DNA sequences Tree Genet. Genomes 6:37-45.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Shi, S. et al. 2013. Phylogeny and classification of Prunus sensu lato (Rosaceae) J. Integr. Pl. Biol. 55:1069-1079.
  • Shi, S. et al. 2013. Phylogeny and classification of Prunus sensu lato (Rosaceae) J. Integr. Pl. Biol. 55:1069-1079.
  • Takeda, T. et al. 1998. Classification of apricot varieties by RAPD analysis J. Jap. Soc. Hort. Sci. 67:21-27.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. 1966- (F Iraq)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Yen, Kun-Ying Illustrated Chinese materia medica: crude drugs. 1980 (Ill Chin Mat Med CrD)
  • Zhong Guo & Hua Jing China floral encyclopaedia. 1993 (China FlEncy)

Check other web resources for Prunus armeniaca L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.