Taxon: Prunus avium (L.) L.

 
Genus: Prunus
  Subgenus: Cerasus
    Section: Cerasus
Family: Rosaceae
  Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
      Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 29844
Place of publication: Fl. suec. ed. 2, 165. 1755
Name Verified on: 03-Mar-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 03-Mar-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV)
Accessions: 991 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • bird cherry  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • gean  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • mazzard cherry  (Source: Trees US) - English
  • sweet cherry  (Source: Trees US) - English
  • wild cherry  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • cerisier des oiseaux  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • merisier  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Herzkirsche  (Source: pers. comm.) - German
  • Süßkirsche  (Source: pers. comm.) - German
  • Süßkirschenbaum  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Vogelkirsche  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • ciliegio  (Source: Mult Glossary Trees) - Italian
  • seiyō-mizakura  (Source: F JapanOhwi) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • cerejeira  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • cerezo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • ou zhou tian ying tao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • yangbeojnamu  (Source: F Korea) - Transcribed Korean

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Krussmann; Eur Gard F; F ChinaEng, as Cerasus avium)
  • Human food: fruit (fide Krussmann; F ChinaEng, as Cerasus avium)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for ornamental cherries (fide Dict Gard (as "Japanese and large flowered cherries"))
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for sour cherry (fide Acta Hort 190:115. 1990)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for sweet cherry (wild Prunus avium "mazzard" fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 153. 2008)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of sweet cherry (wild Prunus avium "mazzard" fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 153. 2008)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of Duke cherry (fide Heredity 93:631. 2004)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of sour cherry (based on crosses with P. cerasus as female parent fide Heredity 93:632. 2004)
  • Materials: wood (fide Pl Book)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Turkey
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Belarus; Moldova; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. elsewhere

    Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA Syst. Bot. 26:797-807.
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA Syst. Bot. 26:797-807.
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of morphology in Prunus reveals extensive homoplasy Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:53-71.
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of morphology in Prunus reveals extensive homoplasy Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:53-71.
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  • Clapham, A. R. et al. Flora of the British Isles ed. 2. 1962 (F BritClap)
  • Clarke, J. B. et al. 2009. A cherry map from the inter-specific cross Prunus avium 'Napoleon' × P. nipponica based on microsatellite, gene-specific and isoenzyme markers Tree Genet. Genomes 5:41-51
  • Clarke, J. B. et al. 2009. A cherry map from the inter-specific cross Prunus avium 'Napoleon' × P. nipponica based on microsatellite, gene-specific and isoenzyme markers Tree Genet. Genomes 5:41-51
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Dirlewanger, E. et al. 2009. Chapter 14. Sweet and sour cherries: Linkage maps, QTL detection and marker assisted selection (Genet Genom Rosaceae) 291-313.
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Gutièrrez Pesce, P. & E. Ruggini 2004. Influence of plant growth regulators, carbon sources and iron on the cyclic secondary somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration of transgenic cherry rootstock 'Colt' (Prunus avium × P. pseudocerasus) Pl. Cell Tissue Organ Cult. 79:223-232.
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Iezzoni, A. et al. 1990. Cherries (Prunus) Acta Hort. 190:111-173.
  • Iezzoni, A. F. 2008. Chapter 5. Cherries (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 151-175.
  • Iezzoni, A. F. 2008. Chapter 5. Cherries (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 151-175.
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees. 1971 (Mult Glossary Trees)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. 1997 (F Korea)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  • Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. 1977-1985 (F Cyprus)
  • Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129-133.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:120.
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). 1965 (F JapanOhwi)
  • Pérez-Sánchez, R. et al. 2008. Agromorphological characterization of traditional Spanish sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.), sour cherry (Prunus cerasus L.) and duke cherry (Prunus × gondouinii Rehd.) cultivars Spanish J. Agric. Res. 6:42-55.
  • Pandey, A. et al. 2008. Genetic resources of Prunus (Rosaceae) in India Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:91-104.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Tavaud, S. et al. 2004. Genetic relationships between diploid and allotetraploid cherry species (Prunus avium, Prunus × gondouinii and Prunus cerasus) (Heredity) 93:631-638.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts (Pl Res SEAs) 2:264.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Prunus avium (L.) L. :

Images:

  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image