Jump to: SynonymsCommon NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web ReferencesImages

Taxon: Prunus cerasifera Ehrh.

 
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Prunus
Section: Prunus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 29860
Place of publication: Gartenkalender 4:192. 1784 (Beitr. Naturk. 4:17. 1789)
Link to protologue:
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name Verified on: 27-Mar-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 269 (63 active, 32 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Human food:
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan
    • CHINA: China [Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Macedonia


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Czech Republic, Slovakia
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • United States


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/cultural/Prunus_cerasifera_K/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya.
  4. Aradhya, M. K. et al. 2004. Molecular characterization of variability and relationships among seven cultivated and selected wild species of Prunus L. using amplified fragment length polymorphism. Sci. Hort. 103:131-144.
  5. Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA. Syst. Bot. 26:797-807. URL: www.aspt.net/systematic-botany
  6. Bortiri, E. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of morphology in Prunus reveals extensive homoplasy. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:53-71.
  7. Bouhadida, M. et al. 2007. Chloroplast DNA diversity in Prunus and its implication on genetic relationships. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 132:670-679. Note: this study included a series of simple and complex hybrids involving Prunus cerasifera used as graft stock
  8. Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae). Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34-48.
  9. Cici, S. Z. H. & R. C. Van Acker. 2010. Gene flow in Prunus species in the context of novel trait risk assessment. Environm. Biosafety Res. 9:75-85. Note: it reviewed and examined published data to evaluate unassisted gene flow between wild and domesticated Prunus species; it cited Prunus cerasifera successful hybridization with wild species, and viable seedlings in crosses with P. salicina, but also commenting on the need for considering flowering synchrony and environmental conditions for evaluating the "potential gene flow from GM plum to other compatible Prunus species"
  10. Clapham, A. R. et al. 1962. Flora of the British Isles, ed. 2.
  11. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India. 1948-1976. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials.
  12. Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR) Cambridge University Press. Note: with two subspecies
  13. Demetrescu, S. 2006. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  14. Demilly, D. et al. 2001. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7 Note: GEVES-SNES, Beaucouzé, France
  15. Depypere, L. et al. 2009. A combined morphometric and AFLP based diversity study challenges the taxonomy of the European members of the complex Prunus L. section Prunus. Pl. Syst. Evol. 279:219-231.
  16. Dirlewanger, E. et al. 2004. Microsatellite genetic linkage maps of myrobalan plum and an almond-peach hybrids-location of root-knot nematode resistance genes. Theor. Appl. Genet. 109:827-838.
  17. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  18. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  19. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  20. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  21. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  22. Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Chapter 9. Peaches. Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics 265-298.
  23. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6 1:516-518.
  24. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  25. Hartmann, W. & M. Neumüller. 2009. Plum breeding. Breeding plantation tree crops: temperate species 161-231.
  26. Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12
  27. Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California Note: cultivated
  28. Horvath, A. et al. 2011. Phenotypic variability and genetic structure in plum (Prunus domestica L.), cherry plum (P. cerasifera Ehrh.) and sloe (P. spinosa L.). Sci. Hort. 129:283-293.
  29. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  30. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  31. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR. Note: mentions
  32. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976)
  33. Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption
  34. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  35. Manaaki Whenua - Landcare Research. Ngā Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand plants (on-line resource).
  36. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  37. Mehlenbacher, S. A. et al. 1991. Apricots (Prunus). Acta Hort. 290:65-110. Note: it discusses Prunus × dasycarpa, a natural occurring hybrid between P. cerasifera and P. armeniaca
  38. Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner. 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129-133.
  39. Nielsen, J. & D. C. Olrik. 2001. A morphometric analysis of Prunus spinosa, P. domestica ssp. insititia, and their putative hybrids in Denmark. Nordic J. Bot. 21:349-363. Note: cites Prunus cerasifera as a commonly reported diploid, but also "tri-, tetra-, and hexaploids have been observed", it mentioned the possibility of natural hybridization between Prunus spinosa and P. cerasifera
  40. Okie, W. R. & J. F. Hancock. 2008. Chapter 11. Plums. Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics 337-357.
  41. Pandey, A. et al. 2008. Genetic resources of Prunus (Rosaceae) in India. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:91-104. Note: cultivated; this review cited varieties cerasifera and pissardii
  42. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  43. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  44. Reales, A. et al. 2010. Phylogenetics of Eurasian plums, Prunus L. section Prunus (Rosaceae), according to coding and non-coding chloroplast DNA sequences. Tree Genet. Genomes 6:37-45.
  45. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  46. Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics
  47. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  48. Shaw, J. & R. L. Small. 2004. Addressing the "hardest puzzle in American pomology:" Phylogeny of Prunus sect. Prunocerasus (Rosaceae) based on seven noncoding chloroplast DNA regions. Amer. J. Bot. 91:985-996.
  49. Stewart, R. 1972. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir
  50. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  51. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  52. Ugurtan Yilmaz, K. et al. 2009. Genetic relatedness in Prunus genus revealed by inter-simple sequence repeat markers. HortScience 44:293-297.
  53. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  54. Willis, J. H. 1970-1972. A handbook to plants in Victoria.
  55. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Prunus cerasifera Ehrh. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?29860. Accessed 23 July 2019.