Taxon: Prunus domestica L.

 
Genus: Prunus
  Subgenus: Prunus
    Section: Prunus
Family: Rosaceae
  Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
      Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 29888
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:475. 1753
Name Verified on: 07-Apr-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 07-Apr-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV)
Accessions: 606 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • wild plum  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • ameixa-comum  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • ameixa-européia  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • ameixa-preta  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • ameixa-roxa  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • ameixa-vermela  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • plommon  (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn) - Swedish
  • ou zhou li  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: beverage base (fide F ChinaEng)
  • Human food: fruit (fide F ChinaEng)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for apricot (fide Pl Breed 124:68. 2005)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for plum (fide Pl Breed 124:68. 2005)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of peach (fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 267. 2008)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Cooper & Johnson ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . probable origin Eurasia

    Naturalized:

    . widely natzd.

    Cultivated:

    . widely cult.

References:

  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Aradhya, M. K. et al. 2004. Molecular characterization of variability and relationships among seven cultivated and selected wild species of Prunus L. using amplified fragment length polymorphism Sci. Hort. 103:131-144.
  • Aradhya, M. K. et al. 2004. Molecular characterization of variability and relationships among seven cultivated and selected wild species of Prunus L. using amplified fragment length polymorphism Sci. Hort. 103:131-144.
  • Badenes, M. L. & D. E. Parfitt 1995. Phylogenetic relationships of cultivated Prunus species from analysis of chloroplast DNA Theor. Appl. Genet. 90:1035-1041.
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA Syst. Bot. 26:797-807.
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Bouhadida, M. et al. 2007. Chloroplast DNA diversity in Prunus and its implication on genetic relationships J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 132:670-679.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Depypere, L. et al. 2009. A combined morphometric and AFLP based diversity study challenges the taxonomy of the European members of the complex Prunus L. section Prunus Pl. Syst. Evol. 279:219-231.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Chapter 9. Peaches (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 265-298.
  • Hartmann, W. & M. Neumüller 2009. Plum breeding (Breed Pl Tree Crops) 161-231.
  • Horvath, A. et al. 2011. Phenotypic variability and genetic structure in plum (Prunus domestica L.), cherry plum (P. cerasifera Ehrh.) and sloe (P. spinosa L.) Sci. Hort. 129:283-293.
  • Horvath, A. et al. 2011. Phenotypic variability and genetic structure in plum (Prunus domestica L.), cherry plum (P. cerasifera Ehrh.) and sloe (P. spinosa L.) Sci. Hort. 129:283-293.
  • Janick, J. & J. Simon, eds. Advances in new crops. 1990 (Adv New Crops)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Lee, S. & J. Wen 2001. A phylogenetic analysis of Prunus and the Amygdaloideae (Rosaceae) using ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA Amer. J. Bot. 88:150-160.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129-133.
  • Okie, W. R. & J. F. Hancock 2008. Chapter 11. Plums (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 337-357.
  • Pandey, A. et al. 2008. Genetic resources of Prunus (Rosaceae) in India Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:91-104.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  • Rubio, M. et al. 2005. Evaluation of resistance to sharka (plum pox virus) of several Prunus rootstocks Pl. Breed. (New York) 124:67-70.
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Shaw, J. & R. L. Small 2004. Addressing the "hardest puzzle in American pomology:" Phylogeny of Prunus sect. Prunocerasus (Rosaceae) based on seven noncoding chloroplast DNA regions Amer. J. Bot. 91:985-996.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. 1966- (F Iraq)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Prunus domestica L. :

Images:

  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image