Taxon: Prunus fruticosa Pall.

Genus: Prunus
  Subgenus: Cerasus
    Section: Cerasus
Family: Rosaceae
  Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
      Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 29899
Place of publication: Fl. ross. 1(1):19, t. 8, fig. B. 1784
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name Verified on: 17-Apr-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 17-Apr-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV)
Accessions: 48 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard)
  • Environmental: revegetator (for land reclamation fide L. Gilbert, pers. comm. 1998)
  • Human food: potential as fruit (fide F USSR; Acta Hort 190:122. 1990)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for sour cherry (fide HortSci (Prague) 29:133. 2002)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for sweet cherry (fide J Amer Soc Hort Sci 132:671-672. 2007)
  • Gene sources: potential for crop quality in sweet cherry (for inducing precocity fide Acta Hort 190:132. 1990; Temp Fruit Cr Breed 168. 2008, for late blooming)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of sour cherry (fide Genet Genom Rosaceae 14:294. 2009)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of sweet cherry (based on spontaneous hybriziation with Prunus avium fide Genet Genom Rosaceae 293. 2009)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China - Xinjiang
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Belarus; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Poland; Slovakia
    • Southeastern Europe: Bulgaria; Croatia; Italy; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. elsewhere


    . also cult.


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Blazková, J. & I. Hlusicková 2002. Testing of wood hardiness to winter freezes in selections from progenies of Cerapadus × Prunus avium L. crosses Hort. Sci. 29:133-142.
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA Syst. Bot. 26:797-807.
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of morphology in Prunus reveals extensive homoplasy Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:53-71.
  • Bouhadida, M. et al. 2007. Chloroplast DNA diversity in Prunus and its implication on genetic relationships J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 132:670-679.
  • Czerepanov, S. K. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR). 1995 (L USSR)
  • Dirlewanger, E. et al. 2009. Sweet and sour cherries:linkage maps, QTL detection and marker assisted selection (Genet Genom Rosaceae) 14:291-313.
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Gilbert, L. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 1963 (Glea Cron)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hrotkó, K. 2004. Cherry rootstock breeding at the Department of Fruit Science, Budapest Acta Hort. 658:491-495.
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Iezzoni, A. et al. 1990. Cherries (Prunus) Acta Hort. 190:111-173.
  • Iezzoni, A. F. 2008. Chapter 5. Cherries (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 151-175.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Lang, G. et al. 1997. Biotic and abiotic stress responses of interspecific hybrid cherry rootstocks Acta Hort. 451:217-224.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehder, A. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs. 1949 (Rehder)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)


Check other web resources for Prunus fruticosa Pall. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image