Taxon: Apium graveolens L.

 
Genus: Apium
Family: Apiaceae (alt.Umbelliferae)
  Subfamily: Apioideae
      Tribe: Apieae
Nomen number: 300034
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:264. 1753
Name Verified on: 03-Oct-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 03-Oct-1996
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9)
Accessions: 129 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia
    • Middle Asia: Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Germany; Netherlands; Poland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Cultivated:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Eritrea; Ethiopia
    • South Tropical Africa: Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • West Tropical Africa: Cote D'Ivoire; Nigeria
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon
    • Western Indian Ocean: Reunion
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia
    • China: China
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Primorye
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • : Canada; Europe; Mexico; United States
    • Eastern Europe: Ukraine
  • Northern America

    • : Canada; Europe; Mexico; United States
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: West Indies
    • Central America: Central America
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile
    • Western South America: Ecuador; Peru

  • Adventive:

  • Africa

    • South Tropical Africa: Mozambique
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Northern America

    • : Mexico; United States
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: West Indies
    • Central America: Central America
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay
    • Western South America: Ecuador; Peru

References:

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  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Bisset, N. G., ed. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis. 1994 (Herbal Drugs)
  • Blumenthal, M., ed. The complete German Commission E monographs: therapeutic guide to herbal medicines. 1998 (German CommE Monog)
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  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. 1994 (F Mesoamer)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
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  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
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  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
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  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
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