Taxon: Asparagus officinalis L.

Genus: Asparagus
Family: Asparagaceae
  Subfamily: Asparagoideae
Nomen number: 300050
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:313. 1753
Name Verified on: 23-Jan-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 02-Dec-1998
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9)
Accessions: 123 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable (fide F Eur; Cornucopia)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of asparagus (fide Wild Crop Rel Veg 23-42. 2011)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury)
  • Weed: (fide Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China - Xinjiang
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, - Gorno-Altay, - Khakassia, - Krasnoyarsk, - Kurgan, - Novosibirsk, - Omsk, - Tyumen
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Belarus; Moldova; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation-European part - European part
    • Northern Europe: Finland; Norway; Sweden
  • Northern America

    • : Canada; United States
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador - Galapagos Islands

  • Cultivated:

    . widely cult.


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Batchelor, K. L. & J. K. Scott 2006. Review of the current taxonomic status and authorship for Asparagus weeds in Australia Pl. Protect. Quart. 21:129.
  • Blumenthal, M., ed. The complete German Commission E monographs: therapeutic guide to herbal medicines. 1998 (German CommE Monog)
  • Castro, P. et al. 2013. Assessment of genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationships in Asparagus species related to Asparagus officinalis Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 60:1275-1288.
  • Castro, P. et al. 2013. Assessment of genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationships in Asparagus species related to Asparagus officinalis Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 60:1275-1288.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
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  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
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  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
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  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. 1931-1941 (L Maroc)
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  • Kanno, A. & J. Yokoyama 2011. Chapter 3. Asparagus (Wild Crop Rel Veg) 23-42.
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. 1966- (F Liban)
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:81
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). 1965 (F JapanOhwi)
  • Peirce, A. The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines. 1999 (Pract Guide Nat Med)
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  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:91.
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
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  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Yen, Kun-Ying Illustrated Chinese materia medica: crude drugs. 1980 (Ill Chin Mat Med CrD)


Check other web resources for Asparagus officinalis L. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image