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Taxon: Asparagus officinalis L.

 
Genus: Asparagus
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Asparagoideae
Nomen number: 300050
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:313. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 23-Jan-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 123 (80 active, 29 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable; vegetable
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Altay, Gorno-Altay, Khakassia, Krasnoyarsk (s.), Kurgan, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tyumen (s.)]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • CHINA: China [Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu (n.w.)]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark (s.)
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Moldova, Russian Federation, [Kalmykia, Astrakhan, Saratov, Volgograd] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Finland, Norway, Sweden
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation-European part [European part]

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States

    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador [Galápagos]
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Uruguay


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Asparagus_officinalis/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  4. Batchelor, K. L. & J. K. Scott. 2006. Review of the current taxonomic status and authorship for Asparagus weeds in Australia. Pl. Protect. Quart. 21:129.
  5. Castro, P. et al. 2013. Assessment of genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationships in Asparagus species related to Asparagus officinalis. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 60:1275-1288.
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  9. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  10. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Asparagus+officinalis&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. George, A. S., ed. 1980-. Flora of Australia.
  13. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  14. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  15. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  16. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931-1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  17. Kanno, A. & J. Yokoyama. 2011. Chapter 3. Asparagus. Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, vegetables 23-42. Note: this species can be diploid or tetraploid (2n=20, 40)
  18. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada.
  19. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  20. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000-. Flora of Siberia (English translation)
  21. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  22. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  23. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  24. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:81
  25. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  26. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  27. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  28. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  29. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  30. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 8:91.
  31. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region 1:376.
  32. Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agricultural Handbook no. 505
  33. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  34. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  35. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  36. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)
  37. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Asparagus officinalis L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?300050. Accessed 20 August 2019.