Taxon: Cercis canadensis L.

Genus: Cercis
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Cercidoideae
Tribe: Cercideae
Subtribe: Cercidinae
Nomen number: 300123
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:374. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 03-Apr-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 03-Apr-2007
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 40 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Indiana, Michigan, New Jersey, Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States New Mexico, Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico Hidalgo, Puebla, Queretaro, Veracruz

  • Naturalized

  • Northern America

    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Massachusetts, New York

  • Cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Fritsch, P. W. et al. 2009. Taxonomic implications of morphological variation in Cercis canadensis (Fabaceae) from Mexico and adjacent parts of Texas Syst. Bot. 34:510-520.
  • Graham, E. H. Legumes for erosion control and wildlife. USDA Misc. Publ. 412. (Leg ErWild)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Isely, D. 1975. Leguminosae of the United States: II. Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 25(2):142.
  • Isely, D. Native and naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States (exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii). 1998 (Leg US)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  • Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Important forest trees of the United States. 1978 (AH 519)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  • Meyer, F. G. et al. A catalog of cultivated woody plants of the southeastern United States. 1994 (L CultWPl SE US)
  • Radford, A. E. et al., eds. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. (F SE US)
  • Turland, N. J. & C. E. Jarvis 1997. Typification of Linnaean specific and varietal names in the Leguminosae (Fabaceae) (Taxon) 46:466.
  • Villaseñor, J. L. 2016. Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Rev. Mex. Biodivers. 87:559-902.

Check other web resources for Cercis canadensis L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Cercis canadensis cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.