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Taxon: Prunus laurocerasus L.

 
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Cerasus
Section: Laurocerasus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 30027
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:474. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358493
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 01-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 88 (59 active, 4 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Food additives: flavoring
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran (n.), Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Serbia


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • United States (w.)


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA. Syst. Bot. 26:797-807. Note: this study included Prunus laurocerasus as a member of subgenus Laurocerasus
  3. Bortiri, E. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of morphology in Prunus reveals extensive homoplasy. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:53-71. Note: this study included Prunus laurocerasus as a member of subgenus Laurocerasus; it was resolved apart from subgenus Cerasus
  4. Clapham, A. R. et al. 1962. Flora of the British Isles, ed. 2.
  5. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  6. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India. 1948-1976. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials.
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. Note: = Laurocerasus officinalis M. Roem.
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  9. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  11. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Prunus+laurocerasus&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  13. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  14. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  15. Kalkman, C. 1965. The Old World species of Prunus subg. Laurocerasus including those formerly referred to Pygeum. Blumea 13:36.
  16. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  17. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  18. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR. Note: = Laurocerasus officinalis M. Roem.
  19. Lee, S. & J. Wen. 2001. A phylogenetic analysis of Prunus and the Amygdaloideae (Rosaceae) using ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Amer. J. Bot. 88:150-160.
  20. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  21. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  22. Liu, X.-L. et al. 2013. Polyphyly of the Padus group of Prunus (Rosaceae) and the evolution of biogeographic disjunctions between eastern Asia and eastern North America. J. Pl. Res. 126:351-361. Note: this study resolved Prunus laurocerasus in a well-supported clade with members of Padus, and distant from members of subgenus Cerasus
  23. Magness, J. R. et al. 1971. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1
  24. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  25. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  26. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  27. Ohta, S. et al. 2007. Phylogenetic relationships among Japanese flowering cherries (Prunus subgenus Cerasus) based on nucleotide sequences of chloroplast DNA. Pl. Syst. Evol. 263:209-225. Note: includes as an outgroup
  28. Pandey, A. et al. 2008. Genetic resources of Prunus (Rosaceae) in India. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:91-104. Note: cultivated
  29. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  30. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica. Note: = Laurocerasus officinalis M. Roem.
  31. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  32. Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae). Flora of North America. 9: in press. Note: introduced
  33. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  34. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  35. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Prunus laurocerasus L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?30027. Accessed 7 December 2019.