Taxon: Prunus mahaleb L.

Genus: Prunus
  Subgenus: Cerasus
    Section: Cerasus
Family: Rosaceae
  Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
      Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 30034
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:474. 1753
Name Verified on: 02-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 02-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV)
Accessions: 107 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (leaves & seeds are used in Mid. East fide Cornucopia)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Krussmann)
  • Environmental: revegetator (fide Krussmann)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter (fide Krussmann)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for sour cherry (fide J Environ Hort 12:138. 1994)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for sweet cherry (based on hybrids with Prunus fruticosa fide J Amer Soc Hort Sci 132:672. 2007)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of sweet cherry (based on hybrids with Prunus avium fide Acta Hort 190:134. 1990)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Rep NCEPPC)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Morocco
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan
    • Middle Asia: Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan
    • Western Asia: Iran; Iraq; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Moldova; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.


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  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA Syst. Bot. 26:797-807.
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of morphology in Prunus reveals extensive homoplasy Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:53-71.
  • Bouhadida, M. et al. 2007. Chloroplast DNA diversity in Prunus and its implication on genetic relationships J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 132:670-679.
  • Cai, Y. L. et al. 2007. Studies on genetic variation in cherry germplasm using RAPD analysis Sci. Hort. 111:248-254.
  • Campbell, F. T., ed. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils. 1995 (unpublished draft) (Rep NCEPPC)
  • Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6. 1996 (L Noms French ed6)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 1963 (Glea Cron)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Iezzoni, A. et al. 1990. Cherries (Prunus) Acta Hort. 190:111-173.
  • Iezzoni, A. et al. 1990. Cherries (Prunus) Acta Hort. 190:111-173.
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. 1931-1941 (L Maroc)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Lee, S. & J. Wen 2001. A phylogenetic analysis of Prunus and the Amygdaloideae (Rosaceae) using ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA Amer. J. Bot. 88:150-160.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. 1966- (F Liban)
  • Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129-133.
  • Pandey, A. et al. 2008. Genetic resources of Prunus (Rosaceae) in India Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:91-104.
  • Pandey, A. et al. 2008. Genetic resources of Prunus (Rosaceae) in India Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:91-104.
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  • Ranney, T. G. 1994. Differential tolerance of eleven Prunus taxa to root zone flooding J. Environm. Hort. 12:138-141.
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  • Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae) (F NAmer) 9: in press.
  • Shimada, T. et al. 2001. The genetic diversities of 4 species of subg. Lithocerasus (Prunus, Rosaceae) revealed by RAPD analysis (Euphytica) 117:85-90.
  • Shimada, T. et al. 1999. Genetic diversity of cherries characterized by random amplified polymorphic DNA J. Jap. Soc. Hort. Sci. 68:984-986.
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  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)


Check other web resources for Prunus mahaleb L. :


  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image