Taxon: Prunus maritima Marshall

 
Genus: Prunus
  Subgenus: Prunus
    Section: Prunocerasus
Family: Rosaceae
  Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
      Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 30039
Place of publication: Arbust. amer. 112. 1785
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name Verified on: 04-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 04-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV)
Accessions: 32 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Krussmann)
  • Human food: fruit (esp. for preserves, sauces fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for peach (fide Acta Hort 557:181. 2001)
  • Gene sources: potential for salt tolerance in peach (as a graft stock for peach fide Acta Hort 557:181. 2001)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of Japanese plum (based on affinities to Prunus salicina fide J Integr Pl Biol 55:1074, 1075. 2013)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of myrobalan plum (based on affinities to Prunus cerasifera fide J Integr Pl Biol 55:1074, 1075. 2013)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of apricot (based on affinities to Prunus armeniaca fide J Integr Pl Biol 55:1073, 1074. 2013)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of plum (based on affinities to hexaploid Prunus domestica fide J Integr Pl Biol 55:1073. 2013)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Delaware, - Maryland

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae) Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34-48.
  • Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae) Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34-48.
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency) 1:514.
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  • Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller Vascular plants of Illinois. 1955 (F IllJones)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Ma, H. et al. 2009. Evaluation of flowering cherry species, hybrids, and cultivars using simple sequence repeat markers J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 134:435-444.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129-133.
  • Okie, W. R. & J. F. Hancock 2008. Chapter 11. Plums (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 337-357.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rieger, M. 2001. Salt strees resistance of peach and four North American Prunus species Acta Hort. 557:181-192.
  • Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae) (F NAmer) 9: in press.
  • Shaw, J. & R. L. Small 2005. Chloroplast DNA phylogeny and phylogeography of the North American plums (Prunus subgenus Prunus section Prunocerasus, Rosaceae) Amer. J. Bot. 92:2011-2030.
  • Shi, S. et al. 2013. Phylogeny and classification of Prunus sensu lato (Rosaceae) J. Integr. Pl. Biol. 55:1069-1079.
  • Shi, S. et al. 2013. Phylogeny and classification of Prunus sensu lato (Rosaceae) J. Integr. Pl. Biol. 55:1069-1079.
  • Zai, X. et al. 2009. The application of beach plum (Prunus maritima) to wasteland vegetation recovery in Jiangsu Province, China: Seedling cloning and transplantation Ecol. Engin. 35:591-596.

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Prunus maritima Marshall :

Images:

  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image