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Taxon: Trifolium hybridum L.

 
Genus: Trifolium
Subgenus: Trifolium
Section: Vesicastrum
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 300618
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:766. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 26-Mar-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 312 (233 active, 214 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

  • alsike clover  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • hybrid clover  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • Swedish clover  (Source: Leg WorldEc) - English
  • alsike clover   - English (Canada)
  • trèfle bâtard  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • trèfle hybride  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • trèfle alsike   - French (Canada)
  • Bastardklee  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Schwedenklee  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • trifoglio ibrido  (Source: Mult Glossary Crops) - Italian
  • tachi-oranda-genge  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • trevo-híbrido  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • trébol híbrido  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • alsikeklöver  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • za zhong che zhou cao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder; forage
  • Bee plants:
  • Environmental:
  • Harmful organism host: crop pests (fide Virus Diseases 35. 1987)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Morocco

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Iraq, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation [Checheno-Ingushetia, Dagestan, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay-Cherkessia, Krasnodar, Stavropol]

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation, [Arkhangelsk, Astrakhan, Bashkortostan, Belgorod, Bryansk, Chuvashia, Ivanovo, Kaliningrad, Kalmykia, Kaluga, Karelia, Kirov, Komi, Komi-Permyak, Kostroma, Kursk, Leningrad, Lipetsk, Mari-El, Mordvinia, Moscow, Murmansk, Nenets, Novgorod, Orel, Orenburg, Penza, Perm, Pskov, Rostov, Ryazan, Saratov, Smolensk, Tambov, Tatarstan, Tula, Udmurtia, Ulyanovsk, Vladimir, Volgograd, Vologda, Voronezh, Yaroslavl] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain


    Naturalized (natzd. throughout temperate regions)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/cultural/Trifolium_hybridum_K/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Converse, R. H., ed. 1987. Virus diseases of small fruits. USDA Agriculture Handbook 631
  4. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  5. Cronquist, A. et al. 1972-. Intermountain flora.
  6. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 144.
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  8. Duke, J. A. 1981. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Trifolium+hybridum&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  11. Gillett, J. M. & N. L. Taylor (M. Collins ed.). 2001. The world of clovers 184.
  12. Graham, E. H. 1941. Legumes for erosion control and wildlife. USDA Misc. Publ. 412.
  13. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  14. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  15. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  16. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  17. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  18. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  19. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  20. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  21. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  22. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  23. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  24. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  25. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  26. Welsh, S. L. et al. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Mem. 9.
  27. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  28. Yakovlev, G. P. et al. 1996. Legumes of Northern Eurasia Note: = Amoria hybrida (L.) C. Presl
  29. Zohary, M. & D. Heller. 1984. The genus Trifolium 145.
  30. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Trifolium hybridum L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?300618. Accessed 18 September 2019.