Taxon: Trifolium incarnatum L.

 
Genus: Trifolium
  Subgenus: Trifolium
    Section: Trifolium
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Faboideae
      Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 300619
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:769. 1753
Name Verified on: 23-Mar-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 25-Jun-2012
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 142 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • carnation clover  (Source: Clovers) - English
  • crimson clover  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • Italian clover  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • scarlet clover  (Source: Clovers) - English
  • farouche  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • trèfle incarnat  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Inkarnatklee  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • trifoglio incarnato  (Source: Mult Glossary Crops) - Italian
  • benibana-tsumekusa  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • trevo-encarnado  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • trevo-vermelho  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • trébol encarnado  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • blodklöver  (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn) - Swedish
  • jiang che zhou cao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production (fide Dict Gard)
  • Environmental: revegetator (fide Dict Gard)
  • Environmental: soil improver (fide Cover Crop Database)
  • Human food: vegetable (as sprouted seeds fide Cornucopia)
  • Animal food: fodder (fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Animal food: forage (fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of red clover (based on affinities to perennial Trifolium pratense fide Mol Phylogenet Evol 39:696-697. 2006)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Western Asia: Turkey
  • Europe

    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. elsewhere in temperate regions

    Cultivated:

    . also cult. in temperate regions

References:

  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  • Ellison, N. W. et al. 2006. Molecular phylogenetics of the clover genus (Trifolium - Leguminosae) Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 39:688-705.
  • Ellison, N. W. et al. 2006. Molecular phylogenetics of the clover genus (Trifolium - Leguminosae) Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 39:688-705.
  • Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  • Eriksson, O. et al. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2. 1979 (L Macar ed2)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Gillett, J. M. & N. L. Taylor (M. Collins ed.) The world of clovers. 2001 (Clovers) 186.
  • Graham, E. H. Legumes for erosion control and wildlife. USDA Misc. Publ. 412. 1941 (Leg ErWild)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. 1982 (Mult Glossary Crops)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Lamont, E.-J. et al. Chapter 4. Clovers (Trifolium L.) (Pl Genet Res Leg Med) 79-98.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. 1986 (F GPlains)
  • Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. 1982 (F Ital)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). 2005 (L Azores)
  • Smythies, B. E. Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants. Englera 3:1-882. 1984-1986 (L Spain)
  • Stubbendieck, J. & E. C. Conard Common legumes of the Great Plains. 1989 (Common LegGP)
  • University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource). (Cover Crop Database)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Zohary, M. & D. Heller 1984. The genus Trifolium. 1984 (Trifolium) 404.

Check other web resources for Trifolium incarnatum L. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.