Taxon: Trifolium subterraneum L.

 
Genus: Trifolium
  Subgenus: Trifolium
    Section: Trichocephalum
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Faboideae
      Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 300628
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:767. 1753
Name Verified on: 23-Mar-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 25-Jun-2012
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 513 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (fide Cover Crop Database)
  • Environmental: soil improver (fide Cover Crop Database)
  • Animal food: forage (fide Food Feed Crops US; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of subterranean clover (fide Genet Res Crop Evol 52:194. 2005)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Kellerman et al.; Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Weed: (fide Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Iran; Israel; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Ukraine
    • Northern Europe: Ireland; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Northern America

    • : United States
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. 1976- (F Libya)
  • Boonman, J. G. 1993. East Africa's grasses and fodders: their ecology and husbandry 192.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Gillett, J. M. & N. L. Taylor (M. Collins ed.) The world of clovers. 2001 (Clovers) 402.
  • Graham, E. H. Legumes for erosion control and wildlife. USDA Misc. Publ. 412. 1941 (Leg ErWild)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. 1982 (Mult Glossary Crops)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. 1931-1941 (L Maroc)
  • Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. 1977-1985 (F Cyprus)
  • National Academy of Sciences Tropical legumes: resources for the future. 1979 (Trop Leg)
  • Nichols,. P. G. H. et al. 2013. Genetic improvement of subterranean clover (Trifolium subterraneum L.). 1. Germplasm, traits and future prospects Crop Pasture Sci. 64:312-346.
  • Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. 1982 (F Ital)
  • Piluzza, G. et al. 2005. Discrimination among subterranean clover (Trifolium subterraneum L. complex) genotypes using RAPD markers Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 52:193-199.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Pottier-Alapetite, G. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones. 1979-1981 (F Tunis)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. 1962-1963 (F Alger)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). 2005 (L Azores)
  • Smythies, B. E. Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants. Englera 3:1-882. 1984-1986 (L Spain)
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. 1966- (F Iraq)
  • University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource). (Cover Crop Database)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Williams, W. M. & S. N. Nichols 2011. Chapter 13: Trifolium (Wild Crop Rel Leg Cr) 249-272.
  • Zohary, M. & D. Heller 1984. The genus Trifolium. 1984 (Trifolium) 525.
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. 1966- (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Trifolium subterraneum L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image