Taxon: Vicia cracca L.

 
Genus: Vicia
  Subgenus: Vicilla
    Section: Cracca
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Faboideae
      Tribe: Fabeae
Nomen number: 300659
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:735. 1753
Name Verified on: 26-Aug-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 122 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • cow vetch  (Source: Pl Names) - English
  • tufted vetch  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • cisirão  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • ervilhaca-dos-passarinhos  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • kråkvicker  (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn) - Swedish
  • gorošek myšinyj  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: soil improver (fide Leg China)
  • Animal food: fodder (fide Leg China)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Russian Federation - Checheno-Ingushetia, - Dagestan, - Karachay-Cherkessia, - Krasnodar, - North Ossetia, - Stavropol
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, - Honshu, - Kyushu, - Shikoku; Korea; Taiwan
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Buryatia, - Gorno-Altay, - Khakassia, - Tuva, - Yakutia-Sakha, - Altay, - Krasnoyarsk, - Evenk, - Taymyr, - Chelyabinsk, - Chita, - Aga Buryat, - Irkutsk, - Ust Orda Buryat, - Kemerovo, - Kurgan, - Novosibirsk, - Omsk, - Sverdlovsk, - Tomsk, - Tyumen, - Khanty-Mansi
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indo-China: Vietnam
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - Arkhangelsk, - Astrakhan, - Bashkortostan, - Belgorod, - Bryansk, - Chuvashia, - Ivanovo, - Kaliningrad, - Kalmykia, - Kaluga, - Karelia, - Kirov, - Komi, - Komi-Permyak, - Kostroma, - Kursk, - Leningrad, - Lipetsk, - Mari-El, - Mordvinia, - Moscow, - Murmansk, - Nenets, - Novgorod, - Orel, - Orenburg, - Penza, - Perm, - Pskov, - Rostov, - Ryazan, - Saratov, - Smolensk, - Tambov, - Tatarstan, - Tula, - Udmurtia, - Ulyanovsk, - Vladimir, - Volgograd, - Vologda, - Voronezh, - Yaroslavl; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. elsewhere

References:

  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Allkin, R. et al. 1986. Names and synonyms of species and subspecies in the Vicieae: issue 3 (Vicieae DP) 7:51.
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables. 1974 (Weed TabCIBA)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Fu, Y. C. et al. Flora intramongolica. 1977- (F InnMong)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 1963 (Glea Cron)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hermann, F. J. 1960. Vetches of the United States - native, naturalized and cultivated U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 168:69.
  • Huang, S. F. & T. C. Huang Taxonomic treatment of the Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Taiwan. Taiwania 32:11-117. 1987 (Leg Taiwan)
  • Inst. Bot. V. L. Komarova, Acad. Sci. URSS Plantae asiae centralis. 1963- (F CAsia)
  • Jiangsu Inst. Bot., ed. v. 1; Shan. R. H., ed. v. 2 Jiangsu Zhiwuzhi (Flora of Jiangsu). 1977-1982 (F Chiangsu)
  • Kitagawa, M. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae. 1979 (F Manshur)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Li, H. L. et al., eds. Flora of Taiwan. 1975-1979 (F Taiwan)
  • Lock, J. M. & K. Simpson Legumes of West Asia: a checklist. 1991 (Leg WAsia)
  • Ohashi, H. 2012. Review of Fabaceae Japan, Taiwan data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2 (pers. comm.)
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). 1965 (F JapanOhwi)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. 1964 (F Carolin)
  • Schaefer, H. et al. 2012. Systematics, biogeography, and character evolution of the legume tribe Fabeae with special focus on the middle-Atlantic island B. M. C. Evol. Biol. 12:250.
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  • Tai Hyun Chung Illustrated encyclopedia of fauna & flora of Korea, vol. 5, Tracheophyta. 1965 (Ency Korea)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Voss, E. Michigan flora. 1972- (F Mich)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Yakovlev, G. P. et al. Legumes of Northern Eurasia. 1996 (Leg NEurasia)
  • Zhu, X. Y. et al. Legumes of China: a checklist. 2007 (Leg China)

Check other web resources for Vicia cracca L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image