Taxon: Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. subsp. unguiculata forma unguiculata

Genus: Vigna
  Subgenus: Vigna
    Section: Catiang
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Faboideae
      Tribe: Phaseoleae
        Subtribe: Phaseolinae
Nomen number: 300675
Comment: [or V. unguiculata Unguiculata Group]
Name Verified on: 06-Dec-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 25-Jul-2016
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 8777 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: soil improver (fide Pl Res SEAs)
  • Human food: vegetable (fide Pl Res SEAs)
  • Animal food: fodder (fide Pl Res SEAs)
  • Animal food: forage (fide Pl Res SEAs)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2, as Vigna unguiculata)

Distributional Range:


    • : Africa
  • Africa

    • : Africa


  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. 1960- (F CambLVN)
  • Coulibaly, S. et al. 2002. AFLP analysis of the phenetic organization and genetic diversity of Vigna unguiculata L. Walp. reveals extensive gene flow between wild and domesticated types Theor. Appl. Genet. 104:358-366.
  • Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. 1982 (Mult Glossary Crops)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Maesen, L. J. G. van der & Sadikin Somaatmadja, eds. 1989. Pulses (Pl Res SEAs) 1:77.
  • Maréchal, R. et al. 1978. Étude taxonomique d'un groupe complexe d'espèces des genres Phaseolus et Vigna (Papilionaceae) sur la base données morphologiques et polliniques, traitées par l'analyse informatique (Boissiera) 28:191.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Maxted, N. et al. 2004. An ecogeographic study African Vigna Syst. Ecogeogr. Stud. Crop Genepools 194.
  • Nuez, F. et al. 1993. Recolección de especies hortícolas en Ecuador Pl. Genet. Resources Newslett. 96:32.
  • Pasquet, R. S. 1999. Genetic relationships among subspecies of Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Theor. Appl. Genet. 98:1104-1119.
  • Pasquet, R. S. 2000. Allozyme diversity of cultivated cowpea Theor. Appl. Genet. 101:211-219.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Simon, M. V. et al. 2007. Genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationships in Vigna Savi germplasm revealed by DNA amplification fingerprinting (Genome) 50:538-547.
  • Singh, B. B. 2006. Chapter 5. Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] (Genet Res Chrom Crop) 118-161.
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. 1979-1991 (F Viti)
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource). (Cover Crop Database)
  • Verdcourt, B. A manual of New Guinea legumes. 1979 (Leg New Guinea)
  • Vijaykumar, A. et al. 2010. Phylogenetic analysis of subgenus Vigna species using nuclear ribosomal RNA ITS: Evidence of hybridization among Vigna unguiculata subspecies J. Heredity 101:177-188.
  • Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. 1976 (F Okin)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)


Check other web resources for Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. subsp. unguiculata forma unguiculata :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image