Taxon: Prunus tomentosa Thunb.

 
Genus: Prunus
  Subgenus: Prunus
    Section: Microcerasus
Family: Rosaceae
  Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
      Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 30138
Place of publication: J. A. Murray, Syst. veg. ed. 14:464. 1784 May-Jun (Fl. jap. 203. 1784 Aug)
Comment: for authorship of Thunberg names first published by Murray see comments in Taxon 45:672. 1996 & 46:311-314. 1997
Name Verified on: 23-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV)
Accessions: 91 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Krussmann; F ChinaEng, as Cerasus tomentosa)
  • Environmental: revegetator (for land reclamation fide L. Gilbert, pers. comm. 1998)
  • Human food: fruit (fide Pl Book; F ChinaEng, as Cerasus tomentosa)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for apricot (through simple or complex hybrids fide Breed Pl Tree Crops 214. 2009)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for peach (based on hybrids with Prunus incana fide J Amer Soc Hort Sci 132:673. 2007)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for plum (through simple or complex hybrids fide Breed Pl Tree Crops 214. 2009)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of peach (based on hybrids with Prunus persica fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 267. 2008)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of Japanese plum (based on affinities to plum group and to Prunus salicina fide Scient Hort 103:138. 2004)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of myrobalan plum (based on genetic affinities to Prunus cerasifera fide J Amer Soc Hort Sci 132:624. 2007)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of plum (based on affinities to Prunus domestica fide Mol Phylogenet Evol 76:43, 45. 2014)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of sweet cherry (based on hybrids with diploid Prunus avium fide Acta Hort 290:265. 1991)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Gansu, - Guizhou, - Hebei, - Heilongjiang, - Henan, - Hubei, - Jilin, - Liaoning, - Nei Monggol, - Ningxia, - Qinghai, - Shaanxi, - Shandong, - Shanxi, - Sichuan, - Xizang, - Yunnan
    • Eastern Asia: Korea
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India - Jammu and Kashmir

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Aradhya, M. K. et al. 2004. Molecular characterization of variability and relationships among seven cultivated and selected wild species of Prunus L. using amplified fragment length polymorphism Sci. Hort. 103:131-144.
  • Aradhya, M. K. et al. 2004. Molecular characterization of variability and relationships among seven cultivated and selected wild species of Prunus L. using amplified fragment length polymorphism Sci. Hort. 103:131-144.
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA Syst. Bot. 26:797-807.
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of morphology in Prunus reveals extensive homoplasy Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:53-71.
  • Bouhadida, M. et al. 2007. Chloroplast DNA diversity in Prunus and its implication on genetic relationships J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 132:670-679.
  • Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae) Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34-48.
  • Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae) Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34-48.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • Forest Experimental Station, Korea Illustrated woody plants of Korea. 1966 (WPl Korea)
  • Fu, Y. C. et al. Flora intramongolica. 1977- (F InnMong)
  • Ghora, C. & G. Panigrahi 1984. Rosaceae: genus Prunus (Fasc F India) 18:19.
  • Gilbert, L. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Chapter 9. Peaches (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 265-298.
  • Hartmann, W. & M. Neumüller 2009. Plum breeding (Breed Pl Tree Crops) 161-231.
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Jiangsu Inst. Bot., ed. v. 1; Shan. R. H., ed. v. 2 Jiangsu Zhiwuzhi (Flora of Jiangsu). 1977-1982 (F Chiangsu)
  • Kitagawa, M. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae. 1979 (F Manshur)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Liu, W. et al. 2007. Genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationships among plum germplasm resources in China assessed with inter-simple sequence repeat markers J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 132:619-628.
  • Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129-133.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:120.
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). 1965 (F JapanOhwi)
  • Pandey, A. et al. 2008. Genetic resources of Prunus (Rosaceae) in India Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:91-104.
  • Pemberton, R. W. & N. S. Lee 1996. Wild food plants in South Korea; market presence, new crops, and exports to the United States Econ. Bot. 50:60.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Prunus Crop Germplasm Committee 2010. Prunus vulnerability statement - 2010 16.
  • Ramming, D. W. & V. Cociu 1991. Plums (Prunus) Acta Hort. 290:235-290.
  • Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae) (F NAmer) 9: in press.
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Steward, A. N. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. 1958 (F LowYangtze)
  • Stewart, R. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir. 1972 (L Pak)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Zhang, Q. & D. Gu 2015. Development of a new hybrid between Prunus tomentosa Thunb. and Prunus salicina Lindl. (HortScience) 50:517-519.

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Prunus tomentosa Thunb. :

Images:

  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image