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Taxon: Prunus virginiana L.

 
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Cerasus
Section: Laurocerasus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 30151
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:473. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358492
Comment: although the name was proposed for conservation with a conserved type (Shenzhen ICN Art. 14.9), its conservation was considered unnecessary by the Committee for Vascular Plants, as an acceptable typification was not deemed to have occurred, so lectotypification on an appropriate and available element could resolve the matter
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 27-Feb-2019 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 27-Feb-2019
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV)
Accessions: 31 (21 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: revegetator (for land reclamation, as P. virginiana melanocarpa)
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada [Northwest Territories (s.w.)]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec (s.)]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Connecticut]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina (w.), Virginia, Tennessee]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]


References:

  1. Oklahoma vascular plant database (OK Vasc Pl Database)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Applequist, W. L. 2013. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 65 (Taxon) 62:1316.
  4. Aradhya, M. K. et al. 2004. Molecular characterization of variability and relationships among seven cultivated and selected wild species of Prunus L. using amplified fragment length polymorphism Sci. Hort. 103:131-144.
  5. Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA Syst. Bot. 26:797-807.
  6. Bortiri, E. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of morphology in Prunus reveals extensive homoplasy Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:53-71.
  7. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  8. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  9. Cronquist, A. et al. Intermountain flora. (Intermt F)
  10. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  11. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  12. Gandhi, K. N. et al. 2009. (1886-1887) Proposals to conserve the names Prunus serotina and P. virginiana (Rosaceae) with conserved types (Taxon) 58:312-314.
  13. Gilbert, L. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  14. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  15. Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Chapter 9. Peaches (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 265-298.
  16. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. (F Pacif NW)
  17. IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  18. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  19. Kearney, T. H. & R. H. Peebles Arizona flora, ed. 2. (F Ariz)
  20. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  21. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  22. Little, E. L., Jr. Important forest trees of the United States. 1978 (AH 519)
  23. Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  24. Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins A flora of New Mexico. (F New Mex)
  25. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  26. Moss, E. H. & J. G. Packer Flora of Alberta, ed. 2. (F Alberta)
  27. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  28. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  29. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  30. Porsild, A. E. & W. J. Cody Vascular plants of continental Northwest Territories, Canada. 1980 (F NW Terr)
  31. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  32. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  33. Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae) (F NAmer) 9: in press.
  34. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  35. Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  36. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  37. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)
  38. Wofford, B. E. Database of Tennessee vascular plants (on-line resource). (Atlas Tenn Online)

Check other web resources for Prunus virginiana L. :

Images:

  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?30151. Accessed 25 April 2019.