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Taxon: Prunus virginiana L.

 
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Cerasus
Section: Laurocerasus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 30151
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:473. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358492
Comment: although the name was proposed for conservation with a conserved type (Shenzhen ICN Art. 14.9), its conservation was considered unnecessary by the Committee for Vascular Plants, as an acceptable typification was not deemed to have occurred, so lectotypification on an appropriate and available element could resolve the matter
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 27-Feb-2019 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 31 (21 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: revegetator (for land reclamation, as P. virginiana melanocarpa)
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada [Northwest Territories (s.w.)]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec (s.), Nova Scotia, Ontario, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina (w.), Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Applequist, W. L. 2013. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 65. Taxon 62:1316. Note: proposal not recommended, considered unnecessary since it will only require a lectotypification, which is considered not to have been thus far accomplished, to resolve the application of the name
  3. Aradhya, M. K. et al. 2004. Molecular characterization of variability and relationships among seven cultivated and selected wild species of Prunus L. using amplified fragment length polymorphism. Sci. Hort. 103:131-144.
  4. Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA. Syst. Bot. 26:797-807. Note: this study recognized this species as a member of subgenus Padus
  5. Bortiri, E. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of morphology in Prunus reveals extensive homoplasy. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:53-71. Note: this study confirmed that Prunus virginiana is closer to members of Laurocerasus
  6. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  7. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  8. Cronquist, A. et al. 1972-. Intermountain flora.
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  11. Gandhi, K. N. et al. 2009. (1886-1887) Proposals to conserve the names Prunus serotina and P. virginiana (Rosaceae) with conserved types. Taxon 58:312-314.
  12. Gilbert, L. 1998. pers. comm. Note: re. common names, as Prunus virginiana melanocarpa
  13. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  14. Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Chapter 9. Peaches. Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics 265-298. Note: this review cited Prunus virginiana among those species "that have been hybridized with P. persica"
  15. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955-1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest.
  16. IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  17. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. Note: with three varieties
  18. Kearney, T. H. & R. H. Peebles. 1969. Arizona flora, ed. 2.
  19. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  20. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  21. Little, E. L., Jr. 1978. Important forest trees of the United States
  22. Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541
  23. Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico.
  24. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  25. Moss, E. H. & J. G. Packer. 1983. Flora of Alberta, ed. 2.
  26. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  27. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  28. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  29. Porsild, A. E. & W. J. Cody. 1980. Vascular plants of continental Northwest Territories, Canada
  30. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  31. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  32. Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae). Flora of North America. 9: in press.
  33. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  34. Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  35. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  36. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  37. Wofford, B. E. Database of Tennessee vascular plants (on-line resource). URL: https://herbarium.utk.edu/vascular/vascular-database.php?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Rosaceae&GenusID=Prunus&SpeciesID=virginiana target='_blank'
  38. 2018. Oklahoma vascular plant database

Check other web resources for Prunus virginiana L. :

Images:

  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?30151. Accessed 19 July 2019.