Taxon: Anacardium occidentale L.

 
Genus: Anacardium
Family: Anacardiaceae
  Subfamily: Anacardioideae
Nomen number: 3060
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:383. 1753
Name Verified on: 24-Nov-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-Jan-1995
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Mayaguez (MAY)
Accessions: 49 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: beverage base ("fruit" actually from swollen pedicel fide Pl Book)
  • Human food: fruit ("fruit" actually from swollen pedicel fide Pl Book)
  • Human food: nut ("fruit" actually from swollen pedicel fide Pl Book)
  • Materials: beads (fide Bot Beads World; as http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_108.html,)
  • Materials: gum/resin (fide Pl Book)
  • Materials: lipids (fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Lampe & McCann)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Western South America: Colombia

  • Cultivated:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Tanzania
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Mozambique
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Myanmar; Thailand
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info) (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • de Paiva, J. R. et al. 2009. Chapter 9. Cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.) breeding: a global perspective (Breed Pl Tree Cr Top) 287-324.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Edições Melhoramentes The new Michaelis illustrated dictionary (Novo Michaelis dicionário ilustrado), ed. 22/24. 1979 (Portuguese Dict)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Fosberg, F. R. et al. Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae/ Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae. 1979-1982 (L Micrones)
  • Hackett, C. & J. Carolane Edible Horticultural Crops. 1982 (Edible HC)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  • Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. Flora of Peru. 1936-1971; new ser. 1980- (F Peru)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Mitchell, J. & S. Mori 1987. The cashew and its relatives (Anacardium: Anacardiaceae) Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 42:38.
  • Núñez Meléndez, E. Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico: Folklore y fundamentos científicos. 1982 (Pl Med PR)
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Perez Arbelaez, E. Plantas utiles de Colombia. 1947 (Use Pl Colomb)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). (Bot Beads World)
  • Standley, P. C. Trees and shrubs of Mexico. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 23:1-1721. 1920 (TreesS Mex)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. 1948- (F Males)
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts (Pl Res SEAs) 2:60-64.
  • Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. 1976 (F Okin)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. 1943-1980 (F Panama)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Anacardium occidentale L. :

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image