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Taxon: Anacardium occidentale L.

 
Genus: Anacardium
Family: Anacardiaceae
Subfamily: Anacardioideae
Nomen number: 3060
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:383. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 24-Nov-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 49 (1 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: beverage base; fruit ("fruit" actually from swollen pedicel) nut
  • Materials: gum/resin; lipids
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Southern America
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia


    Cultivated

    Africa
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Tanzania
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Mozambique

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China (s.)
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar, Thailand
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Southern America
    • BRAZIL: Brazil


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  3. de Paiva, J. R. et al. 2009. Chapter 9. Cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.) breeding: a global perspective. Breeding plantation tree crops: tropical species 287-324.
  4. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  5. Edições Melhoramentes. 1979. The new Michaelis illustrated dictionary (Novo Michaelis dicionário ilustrado), ed. 22/24 Note: Edições Melhoramentes, São Paulo, Brazil
  6. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  7. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Anacardium+occidentale&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  9. Fosberg, F. R. et al. 1979-1982. Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae/ Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae.
  10. Hackett, C. & J. Carolane. 1982. Edible Horticultural Crops Academic Press.
  11. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  12. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  13. IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  14. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  15. Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption
  16. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants Note: poisonous
  17. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  18. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  19. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  20. Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. 1936-. Flora of Peru Note: 1936-1971; new ser. 1980-
  21. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  22. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  23. Mitchell, J. & S. Mori. 1987. The cashew and its relatives (Anacardium: Anacardiaceae). Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 42:38.
  24. Perez Arbelaez, E. 1947. Plantas utiles de Colombia.
  25. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  26. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  27. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  28. Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. Note: re. German common names
  29. Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). URL: http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_108.html target='_blank'
  30. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  31. Standley, P. C. 1920. Trees and shrubs of Mexico. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 23:1-1721.
  32. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948-. Flora malesiana.
  33. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 2:60-64.
  34. Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  35. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943-1980. Flora of Panama.
  36. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Anacardium occidentale L. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • New World Fruits Database: Online database from Bioversity International
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?3060. Accessed 21 August 2019.