Taxon: Raphanus raphanistrum L.

 
Genus: Raphanus
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
      Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 30856
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:669. 1753
Name Verified on: 06-Aug-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9)
Accessions: 11 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of radish (fide Genome 46:423. 2003, comments that it can hybridize with R. sativus)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of mustard (fide Euphytica 158:216. 2007, comments on successful hybridization with Brassica juncea)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of rape (fide Cytol Genet 42:204. 2008, comments that it can spontaneously hybridize with Brassica napus)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Kellerman et al.)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia
    • South Tropical Africa: Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Lesotho; South Africa
    • Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius; Reunion
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Bahrain; Oman; Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    • China: China - Qinghai, - Sichuan
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, - Honshu, - Shikoku; Taiwan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation-Far East - Far East
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India - Sikkim
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Northern America

    • : Canada; Mexico; United States
    • Eastern Canada: St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • Subarctic America: Greenland
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Bahamas; Cuba; Hispaniola
    • Mesoamerica: Guatemala; Nicaragua
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Ecuador; Peru

References:

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Check other web resources for Raphanus raphanistrum L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image