Taxon: Anchusa azurea Mill.

 
Genus: Anchusa
Family: Boraginaceae
  Subfamily: Boraginoideae
Nomen number: 3098
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Anchusa no. 9. 1768
Name Verified on: 06-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 26-Jul-2004
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production (fide F. Selvi, pers. comm.)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Man Herb Pl; Pulmonaria 73.)
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff (fide Pulmonaria 71.)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pulmonaria 71.)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Azerbaijan; Georgia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine - Krym
    • Middle Europe: Hungary
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • Europe

    • Middle Europe: Austria; Czech Republic; Germany; Switzerland
  • Northern America

    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Missouri
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Idaho, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Maryland
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California, - Nevada, - Utah
    • Western Canada: Canada - British Columbia

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Bennett, M. Pulmonarias and the Borage family. 2003 (Pulmonaria) 73.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6. 1996 (L Noms French ed6)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  • Kartesz, J. T. North American plant atlas. The Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2011 (NAmer Pl Atlas)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. 1966- (F Liban)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. 1982 (F Ital)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Selvi, F. 2011. Review of Boraginaceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2 (pers. comm.) via e-mail 0n 20 May.
  • Stace, C. New flora of the British Isles. 1995 (F BritStace)
  • Still, S. M. Manual of herbaceous ornamental plants, ed. 4. 1994 (Man HerbPl)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. 1966- (F Palest)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Anchusa azurea Mill. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image