Taxon: Solanum nigrum L.

Genus: Solanum
  Subgenus: Solanum
    Section: Solanum
Family: Solanaceae
  Subfamily: Solanoideae
      Tribe: Solaneae
Nomen number: 310124
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:186. 1753
Name Verified on: 13-Nov-2002 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 71 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases (fide Diseas Comp 42. 1997)
  • Human food: fruit (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):458. 1999)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for potato (fide Pl Breed Rev 19:86. 2000)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):458. 1999; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Biodiv Conserv 13:459. 2004)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kellerman et al.; Cooper & Johnson ed2; Kingsbury)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:


    . exact native range obscure


  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal; Pakistan
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - Eastern Cape, - Free State, - Gauteng, - KwaZulu-Natal, - Limpopo, - Mpumalanga, - North West, - Northern Cape, - Western Cape; Swaziland
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Malesia: Papua New Guinea
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Northern America

    • : Canada; Mexico; United States
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Guam
    • Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia
  • Southern America

    • Mesoamerica: Central America
    • Southern South America: Chile


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  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables. 1974 (Weed TabCIBA)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
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Check other web resources for Solanum nigrum L. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image