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Taxon: Rhamnus cathartica L.

 
Genus: Rhamnus
Family: Rhamnaceae
Tribe: Rhamneae
Nomen number: 31018
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:193. 1753 "catharticus"
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 31-Aug-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 12 (7 active, 4 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: shade/shelter
  • Harmful organism host:
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals; mammals; mammals; mammals
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Morocco

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran (n.), Turkey (n.)
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation, [Altay] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (n.), Italy (incl. Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain (n.)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States


References:

  1. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource) (Mid Atl Invasive Pl)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. BernhardSmith, A. Poisonous plants of all countries, 2nd ed. (BernhardSmith)
  4. Bisset, N. G., ed. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis. 1994 (Herbal Drugs)
  5. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  6. Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas (Pl Invasion) 255-267.
  7. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  10. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  11. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  12. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  13. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  14. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. (L Maroc)
  15. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  16. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  17. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  18. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  19. Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  20. Mathre, D. E. 1997. Compendium of barley diseases (Diseas Comp)
  21. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  22. Moldenke, H. N. Poisonous plants of the world. Pamphlet, 3rd ed. (Moldenke)
  23. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  24. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  25. Pammel, L. H. Manual of poisonous plants. (Pammel)
  26. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  27. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  28. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  29. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  30. Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  31. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  32. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  33. Zohary, M. et al. Conspectus florae orientalis. (L Orient)

Check other web resources for Rhamnus cathartica L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Rhamnus cathartica cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?31018. Accessed 18 November 2018.