Taxon: Bursera simaruba (L.) Sarg.

 
Genus: Bursera
Family: Burseraceae
Nomen number: 310563
Place of publication: Garden & Forest 3:260. 1890
Name Verified on: 12-Nov-1993 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • West Indian-birch  (Source: F LAnt) - English
  • bois de gommier blanc  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • gumbo limbo  (Source: F Guat) - Spanish
  • palo jiote  (Source: F Guat) - Spanish
  • palo mulato  (Source: F Guat) - Spanish (Mexico)
  • amerikanskt balsamträd  (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: boundary/barrier/support (fide F Guat)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide F Guat)
  • Fuels: fuelwood (fide Pl Book)
  • Materials: gum/resin (fide F Guat)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • : Mexico
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil - Amazonas, - Roraima
    • Caribbean: Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Barbados; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Dominica; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Trinidad and Tobago
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: Guyana; Venezuela
    • Western South America: Colombia

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. 1982 (F Bahamas)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Fournet, J. Flore illustree des phanerogames de Guadeloupe et de Martinique. 1978 (F GuadMart)
  • Gooding, E. G. et al. Flora of Barbados. 1965 (F Barbados)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier) Flora de Cuba. 1946-1962; suppl. 1969 (F CubaLeon)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Liogier, H. A. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. 1984- (F PuertoR)
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. 1982 (F PR)
  • Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • McVaugh, R. & J. Rzedowski 1965. Synopsis of the genus Bursera L. in western Mexico, with notes on the material of Bursera collected by Sessé & Mociño Kew Bull. 18:354-355.
  • Moscoso, R. M. Catalogus florae domingensis. 1943 (L Doming)
  • Núñez Meléndez, E. Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico: Folklore y fundamentos científicos. 1982 (Pl Med PR)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Rzedowski, J. & G. Rzedowski, eds. Flora del Bajio y de regiones adyacentes. 1991- (F Bajio)
  • Standley, P. C. Trees and shrubs of Mexico. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 23:1-1721. 1920 (TreesS Mex)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. 1995- (F VenGuay)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. 1943-1980 (F Panama)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Bursera simaruba (L.) Sarg. :