Taxon: Commelina benghalensis L.

Genus: Commelina
Family: Commelinaceae
  Subfamily: Commelinoideae
      Tribe: Commelineae
Nomen number: 311531
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:41. 1753, nom. cons.
Comment: conserved (nom. cons.) with a conserved type (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.9 & App. IV)
Name Verified on: 13-Jan-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-May-2013
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Djibouti; Ethiopia; Somalia
    • South Tropical Africa: Malawi; Zambia
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa - KwaZulu-Natal, - Free State, - Eastern Cape, - Northern Cape, - Western Cape, - Gauteng, - Limpopo, - Mpumalanga, - North West; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Nigeria; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Congo; Rwanda
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Honshu, - Kyushu, - Shikoku
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Indochina
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Philippines
  • Pacific

    • Northwestern Pacific: Micronesia

  • Naturalized:

    . widely natzd. elsewhere


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Babu, C. R. Herbaceous flora of Dehra Dun. 1977 (HF Dehra Dun)
  • Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. 1963-1968 (F Java)
  • Bhandari, M. M. Flora of the Indian desert. 1978 (F IndDes)
  • Bond, P. & P. Goldblatt Plants of the Cape Flora, J. S. African Bot. suppl. vol. 13. 1984 (L Cape)
  • Brummitt, R. K. 1994. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 41 (Taxon) 43:275.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Compton, R. H. The flora of Swaziland. 1976 (F Swazi)
  • Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. 1953-1972 (F EthiopCuf)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Faden, R. B. 2000. Commelinaceae (F NAmer) 22:196.
  • Faden, R. B. 1992. (1052) Proposal to conserve Commelina benghalensis (Commelinaceae) with a conserved type under Art. 69.3 (Taxon) 41:341.
  • Faden, R. B. 2001. The Commelinaceae of northeast Tropical Africa (Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia and Kenya): Diversity and phytogeography Biol. Skr. 54:230.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hara, H. Flora of eastern Himalaya. v. 1:1966, v. 2:1971, v. 3:1975 (F EHimal)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Li, H. L. et al., eds. Flora of Taiwan. 1975-1979 (F Taiwan)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Matthew, K. M. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic. 1983 (F TamilC)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Merrill, E. D. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. 1922-1926 (F Philipp)
  • Merxmüller, H., ed. Prodromus einer flora von Sudwestafrika. 1966-1972 (F Namib)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). 1965 (F JapanOhwi)
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Plant Protection and Quarantine Office United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Federal noxious weed list (on-line resource). (USDA/APHIS)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Ross, J. The flora of Natal. 1972 (F Natal)
  • Saldanha, C. J. & D. H. Nicolson Flora of Hassan district. 1976 (F Hassan)
  • Schijff, H. P. van der A check-list of the vascular plants of the Kruger national park. 1969 (L Kruger)
  • Steward, A. N. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. 1958 (F LowYangtze)
  • Täckholm, V. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2. 1974 (SF Egypt)
  • Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. 1976 (F Okin)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the flora of Yemen. 1997 (F Yemen)
  • Yunnan Inst. Bot. & Kunming Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci., eds. Flora yunnanica. 1977- (F Yunnan)

Check other web resources for Commelina benghalensis L. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.