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Taxon: Cuscuta epithymum (L.) L.

 
Genus: Cuscuta
Family: Convolvulaceae
Tribe: Cuscuteae
Nomen number: 311579
Place of publication: Syst. veg. ed. 13:140. 1774 (Fl. monspel. 1756, nom. inval.)
Link to protologue:
Comments:
  • • in Fl. monspel., Linnaeus intended this as Cuscuta europaea var. epithymum
  • • Linnaeus is author of the new names in Syst. veg. ed. 13
  • • Murray was simply editor, fide TL-2 3:110, 670. 1981
Name Verified on: 07-Sep-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation, [Altay] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya.
  3. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  4. Beetle, A. A. 1970. Recommended plant names. Univ. Wyoming Agr. Exp. Sta. Res. J. 31
  5. Black, J. M. 1943-1957. Flora of Southern Australia, ed. 2.
  6. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  7. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 200.
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Cuscuta+epithymum&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. Garcia, M. A. & S. Cafferty. 2005. Revised lectotypification of Cuscuta epithymum (L.) L. (Convolvulaceae). Taxon 54:477-478.
  13. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  14. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  15. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  16. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  17. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  18. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  19. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  20. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931-1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  21. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  22. Kartesz, J. T. 2011. North American plant atlas. The Biota of North America Program (BONAP)
  23. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  24. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  25. Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. A California flora.
  26. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  27. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  28. Stearn, W. T. 1973. Magnol's Botanicum Monspeliense and Linnaeus's Flora Monspeliensis. Festschrift für Claus Nissen : zum siebzigsten Geburtstag, 2. Sept. 1971. 630. Note: Pressler, Wiesbaden
  29. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  30. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  31. Weakley, A. S. 2011. Flora of the southern and middle Atlantic states.
  32. Yuncker, T. G. 1965. Cuscuta. North American flora ser. 2, 4:40. Note: ser. 1, 1905-1957; ser. 2, 1954-1972

Check other web resources for Cuscuta epithymum (L.) L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?311579. Accessed 16 September 2019.