Taxon: Zea mays L. subsp. mays

Genus: Zea
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Panicoideae
      Tribe: Andropogoneae
Nomen number: 311987
Name Verified on: 15-Jul-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 22-Oct-2003
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 41110 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: sweetener (fide CultTropS)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Econ Pl Aust)
  • Human food: beverage base (fide CultTropS, as Z. mays)
  • Human food: oil/fat (fide CultTropS, as Z. mays)
  • Human food: starch (fide CultTropS, as Z. mays)
  • Human food: vegetable (fide CultTropS, as Z. mays)
  • Animal food: fodder (fide Pl Res SEAs 10:144. 1996)
  • Fuels: petroleum substitute/alcohol (fide N. El Bassam 1998)
  • Materials: beads (fide Bot Beads World; as,)
  • Materials: fiber (fide Pl Res SEAs 10:144. 1996)
  • Materials: lipids (fide Pl Res SEAs 10:144. 1996)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2, as Z. mays; Herbs Commerce ed2, as Z. mays)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2; Kellerman et al.)

Distributional Range:


    . only cult.


  • Batra, L. R. Names of Japanese plants sorted by their Japanese names in Romanized Katakana and scientific nomenclature. 1995 (Names Batra)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6. 1996 (L Noms French ed6)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • El Bassam, N. 1998. Energy plant species 18-49.
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Grubben, G. J. H. & Soetjipto Partohardjono, eds. 1996. Cereals (Pl Res SEAs) 10:143.
  • Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  • Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). (Bot Beads World)
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)


Check other web resources for Zea mays L. subsp. mays :

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.