Taxon: Epipremnum pinnatum (L.) Engl.

Genus: Epipremnum
Family: Araceae
Subfamily: Monsteroideae
Tribe: Monstereae
Nomen number: 312725
Place of publication: Pflanzenr. IV. 23B(Heft 37):60. 1908
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 06-Oct-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Sep-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Tongavine  (Source: Zander Ency) - English
  • variegated-philodendron  (Source: Zander Ency) - English
  • gefleckte Efeutute  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • long wei cao  (Source: Econ Bot) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Eur Gard F; Zander ed14)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Econ Bot 52:109. 1998)
  • Weed: (in Hawaii fide Exotic Rainforest)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan
    • Eastern Asia: Japan Ryukyu Islands, Volcano Islands; Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh ; India
    • Indo-China: India Andaman and Nicobar; Laos ; Myanmar ; Thailand ; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia Kalimantan, Celebes, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas, Sumatra; Malaysia ; Philippines ; Singapore
    • Papuasia: Indonesia Irian Jaya; Papua New Guinea ; Solomon Islands
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia Queensland, Northern Territory
  • Pacific

    • Northwestern Pacific: Marshall Islands
    • South-Central Pacific: Cook Islands
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji ; New Caledonia ; Samoa ; Tonga ; Vanuatu

  • Cultivated


  • Boyce, P. 2004. A review of Epipremnum (Araceae) in cultivation (Aroideana) 27:206-207.
  • Boyce, P. C. 1998. The genus Epipremnum Schott (Araceae-Monsteroideae-Monstereae) in west and central Malesia (Blumea) 43:201.
  • Chen, L. M. J. & I. M. Turner 1998. The use of Epipremnum pinnatum (Araceae) in Singapore in the treatment of cancer: an unreported application of a herbal medicine Econ. Bot. 52:108-109.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage. 2000 (Zander ed16)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin World checklist and bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae). 2002 (L Araceae)
  • Hay, A. et al. Checklist & botanical bibliography of the aroids of Malesia, Australia, and the tropical western Pacific. Blumea suppl. 8. 1995 (L Aroid Males)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Lucas, S. 2010. The Exotic Rainforest (on-line resource). (Exotic Rainforest) accessed 1 Jul.
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. 1979-1991 (F Viti)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)


Check other web resources for Epipremnum pinnatum (L.) Engl. :

  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Epipremnum pinnatum cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.