Taxon: Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn

 
Genus: Pteridium
Family: Dennstaedtiaceae
Nomen number: 312948
Place of publication: O. Kersten, Reis. Ost-Afr. 3(3):11. 1879
Name Verified on: 16-Oct-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 20-Nov-2002
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: starch (starch obtained from rhizomes fide F Japan)
  • Human food: vegetable (young leaves are eaten in many temperate cultures but contain carcinogens fide F NAmer)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Kellerman et al.; Lampe & McCann; Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Weed: (fide Atlas WWeed)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia; Sudan
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Lesotho; South Africa; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Liberia; Sierra Leone
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius; Reunion
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, - Honshu, - Kyushu, - Ryukyu Islands, - Shikoku; Korea, North; Korea, South; Taiwan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Primorye, - Amur, - Kamchatka, - Sakhalin
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, - Buryatia, - Chita, - Gorno-Altay, - Irkutsk, - Kemerovo, - Krasnoyarsk, - Kurgan, - Novosibirsk, - Omsk, - Tomsk, - Tuva, - Tyumen, - Yakutia-Sakha
    • Western Asia: Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Quebec, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Prince Edward Island, - New Brunswick, - Newfoundland; St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - North Dakota, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Coahuila, - Durango, - Nuevo Leon, - San Luis Potosi, - Sinaloa, - Baja Norte, - Baja Sur
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Idaho, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington, - Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Delaware, - Florida, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - District of Columbia
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Aguascalientes, - Chiapas, - Guanajuato, - Guerrero, - Hidalgo, - Jalisco, - Mexico, - Michoacan, - Morelos, - Nayarit, - Oaxaca, - Puebla, - Queretaro, - Veracruz, - Federal District
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California, - Nevada, - Utah
    • Subarctic America: United States - Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, - Manitoba, - British Columbia

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer) 202.
  • Foster, S. & C. Hobbs A field guide to Western medicinal plants and herbs. 2002 (W Med Pl Herbs)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. 1980- (F Aust)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Grubov, V. I. Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia. 2001 (Pl Mongol)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. 1972- (Atlas Eur)
  • Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  • Laasimer, L. et al., eds. Flora of the Baltic countries; compendium of vascular plants. 1993- (F Baltic)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Mickel, J. T. & A. R. Smith The pteridophytes of Mexico. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 88:1-1054. 2004 (Ferns Mexico)
  • Miller, A. G. & T. A. Cope Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra. 1996- (F Arabia)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Oh, S.-Y. & J.-H. Pak Distribution maps of vascular plants in Korea. 2001 (Atlas Korea)
  • Pemberton, R. W. & N. S. Lee 1996. Wild food plants in South Korea; market presence, new crops, and exports to the United States Econ. Bot. 50:63, 67.
  • Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. 1979. Flora of Thailand. 1970- (F Thailand) 3:125.
  • Tryon, R. M. 1941. A revision of the genus Pteridium (Rhodora) 43:15-31,37-64.
  • Tryon, R. M. & A. F. Tryon 1982. Ferns and allied plants with special reference to tropical America. 1982 (Ferns TAmer) 389.
  • Tryon, R. M. & R. G. Stolze 1989. Part II. (13. Pteridaceae - 15. Dennstaedtiaceae) (Ferns Peru) 22:105.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the flora of Yemen. 1997 (F Yemen)

Synonyms:

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