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Taxon: Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn

 
Genus: Pteridium
Family: Dennstaedtiaceae
Nomen number: 312948
Place of publication: O. Kersten, Reis. Ost-Afr. 3(3):11. 1879
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 16-Oct-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: starch (starch obtained from rhizomes fide F Japan) vegetable (young leaves are eaten in many temperate cultures but contain carcinogens fide F NAmer)
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals; mammals
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Morocco
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Liberia, Sierra Leone
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Eswatini, Lesotho, South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Buryatia, Gorno-Altay, Tuva, Yakutia-Sakha, Altay, Krasnoyarsk, Chita, Irkutsk, Kemerovo, Kurgan, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tomsk, Tyumen]
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Primorye, Amur, Kamchatka, Sakhalin]
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Hokkaidô, Honshu, Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku] Korea, North, Korea, South, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation, [Saratov, Volgograd] Russian Federation-European part [European part]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada, [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador] St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, District of Columbia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Coahuila de Zaragoza, Durango, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Baja California (Norte), Baja California Sur]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México, Michoacán de Ocampo, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave, Ciudad de México]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  3. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  4. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  5. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  6. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America. 202.
  7. George, A. S., ed. 1980-. Flora of Australia.
  8. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  9. Grubov, V. I. 2001. Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia
  10. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  11. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae.
  12. Kellerman, T. S. et al. 1988. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa Note: poisonous
  13. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  14. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000-. Flora of Siberia (English translation)
  15. Laasimer, L. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of the Baltic countries; compendium of vascular plants.
  16. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants Note: poisonous
  17. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  18. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  19. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  20. Mickel, J. T. & A. R. Smith. 2004. The pteridophytes of Mexico. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 88:1-1054.
  21. Miller, A. G. & T. A. Cope. 1996-. Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra.
  22. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  23. Oh, S.-Y. & J.-H. Pak. 2001. Distribution maps of vascular plants in Korea Note: Academybook Publishing Co., Seoul.
  24. Pemberton, R. W. & N. S. Lee. 1996. Wild food plants in South Korea; market presence, new crops, and exports to the United States. Econ. Bot. 50:63, 67.
  25. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  26. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region 1:51-52.
  27. Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. 1979. Flora of Thailand. 3:125.
  28. Tryon, R. M. & A. F. Tryon. 1982. Ferns and allied plants with special reference to tropical America 389.
  29. Tryon, R. M. & R. G. Stolze. 1989. Part II. (13. Pteridaceae - 15. Dennstaedtiaceae). Pteridophyta of Peru. Fieldiana, Botany new ser. 22:105.
  30. Tryon, R. M. 1941. A revision of the genus Pteridium. Rhodora 43:15-31,37-64.
  31. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  32. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/dennstaedtiaceae/pteridium-aquilinum/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'
  33. Wofford, B. E. Database of Tennessee vascular plants (on-line resource). URL: https://herbarium.utk.edu/vascular/vascular-database.php?CategoryID=Pteridophytes&FamilyID=Dennstaedtiaceae&GenusID=Pteridium&SpeciesID=aquilinum target='_blank'
  34. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.
  35. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?312948. Accessed 23 October 2019.