Taxon: Citrofortunella microcarpa (Bunge) Wijnands

Genus: Citrofortunella
Family: Rutaceae
  Subfamily: Aurantioideae
      Tribe: Aurantieae
        Subtribe: Citrinae
Nomen number: 313479
Place of publication: Baileya 22:135. 1984
Comment: [= Citrus reticulata × Fortunella japonica]
Name Verified on: 07-Oct-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 08-Jan-2014
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 9 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Pl Res SEAs 2:117. 1991)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Pl Res SEAs 2:117. 1991)
  • Human food: beverage base (fide Pl Res SEAs 2:117. 1991)
  • Human food: fruit (fide Pl Res SEAs 2:117. 1991)
  • Gene sources: cold tolerance for citrus (fide Breed Pl Tree Crops 116. 2009)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for citrus (fide Pl Res SEAs 2:117. 1991)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ecocrop)

Distributional Range:


    . origin China


    • :
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Malesia: Philippines


  • Carpenter, J. B. & P. C. Reece Catalog of genera, species, and subordinate taxa in the orange subfamily Aurantioideae (Rutaceae). 1969 (Cat Aurant)
  • Citrus Crop Germplasm Committee 2008. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Gmitter, F. G. et al. 2009. Citrus breeding (Breed Pl Tree Crops) 105-134.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Mabberley, D. J. 1998. Australian Citreae with notes on other Aurantioideae (Rutaceae) (Telopea) 7:337.
  • Pateña, L. F. et al. 2005. Somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration in calamansi (× Citrofortunella microcarpa Bunge) Acta Hort. 694:141-144.
  • Tanaka, T. 1954. Species problem in Citrus: a critical study of wild and cultivated units of Citrus, based upon field studies in their native homes (Rev Aurant) 9:140.
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts (Pl Res SEAs) 2:117.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)


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