Taxon: Crataegus laevigata (Poir.) DC.

Genus: Crataegus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Maleae
Subtribe: Malinae
Nomen number: 313800
Place of publication: Prodr. 2:630. 1825
Link to protologue:
Comment: = Crataegus oxyacantha auct. (non C. oxyacantha L., nom. rej., a rejected name (nomen utique rejiciendum) under Melbourne ICN Art. 56 & App. V that is unavailable for use)
Name Verified on: 04-Oct-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-May-2013
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • English hawthorn  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • midland hawthorn  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • whitethorn  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • woodland hawthorn  (Source: Can J Bot) - English
  • rundhagtorn  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Krussmann)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Latvia ; Lithuania ; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Belgium ; Czech Republic ; Germany ; Hungary ; Luxembourg ; Netherlands ; Poland ; Slovakia ; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; Ireland ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Croatia ; Italy ; Romania ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France

  • Cultivated

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Libya

  • Adventive

  • Europe

    • Northern Europe: Norway


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Byatt, J. I. 1974. Application of the names Crataegus calycina Peterm. and C. oxyacantha L. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 69:15-21.
  • Christensen, K. I. 1992. Revision of Crataegus section Crataegus and nothosection Crataeguineae (Rosaceae-Maloideae) in the Old World Syst. Bot. Monogr. 35:64.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Phipps, J. B. 1998. Introduction to the red-fruited hawthorns (Crataegus, Rosaceae) of western North America Canad. J. Bot. 76:1871.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)


Check other web resources for Crataegus laevigata (Poir.) DC. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Crataegus laevigata cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image