Taxon: Crataegus laevigata (Poir.) DC.

Genus: Crataegus
Family: Rosaceae
  Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
      Tribe: Maleae
        Subtribe: Malinae
Nomen number: 313800
Place of publication: Prodr. 2:630. 1825
Comment: = Crataegus oxyacantha auct. (non C. oxyacantha L., nom. rej., a rejected name (nomen utique rejiciendum) under Melbourne ICN Art. 56 & App. V that is unavailable for use)
Name Verified on: 04-Oct-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-May-2013
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Krussmann)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Europe

    • East Europe: Latvia; Lithuania; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Luxembourg; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Croatia; Italy; Romania; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France

  • Cultivated:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Libya

  • Adventive:

  • Europe

    • Northern Europe: Norway


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Bisset, N. G., ed. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis. 1994 (Herbal Drugs)
  • Blumenthal, M., ed. The complete German Commission E monographs: therapeutic guide to herbal medicines. 1998 (German CommE Monog)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Byatt, J. I. 1974. Application of the names Crataegus calycina Peterm. and C. oxyacantha L. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 69:15-21.
  • Chopra, D. & D. Simon The Chopra Center herbal handbook: forty natural prescriptions for perfect health. 2000 (Chopra Herbal)
  • Christensen, K. I. 1992. Revision of Crataegus section Crataegus and nothosection Crataeguineae (Rosaceae-Maloideae) in the Old World Syst. Bot. Monogr. 35:64.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Foster, S. & V. E. Tyler Tyler's honest herbal: a sensible guide to the use of herbs and related remedies, ed. 4. 1999 (Tyler Herbal)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Mills, S. & K. Bone Principles and practice of phytotherapy: modern herbal medicine. 1999 (Prin Phytotherapy)
  • Peirce, A. The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines. 1999 (Pract Guide Nat Med)
  • Phipps, J. B. 1998. Introduction to the red-fruited hawthorns (Crataegus, Rosaceae) of western North America Canad. J. Bot. 76:1871.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Yen, Kun-Ying Illustrated Chinese materia medica: crude drugs. 1980 (Ill Chin Mat Med CrD)


Check other web resources for Crataegus laevigata (Poir.) DC. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Crataegus laevigata cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image