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Taxon: Koeleria macrantha (Ledeb.) Schult.

 
Genus: Koeleria
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Poeae
Subtribe: Aveninae
Nomen number: 314896
Place of publication: Mant. 2:345. 1824
Link to protologue:
Comment: = Koeleria cristata auct.
Name Verified on: 31-Mar-1989 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 181 (163 active, 142 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder; forage
  • Environmental: lawn/turf (as turfgrass fide Grass VarUSA)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Morocco

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East (s.)]
    • CHINA: China [Anhui Sheng, Fujian Sheng, Hebei Sheng, Heilongjiang Sheng, Hubei Sheng, Nei Mongol Zizhiqu, Ningxia Huizi Zizhiqu, Qinghai Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu, Xizang Zizhiqu, Zhejiang Sheng, Henan Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Shandong Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Hokkaidô, Honshu] Korea

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.w.), Nepal, Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Ireland, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain (incl. Baleares)

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territories, Yukon] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Ontario (s.)]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Indiana, Maine, Michigan, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arkansas, Delaware, Kentucky, Louisiana]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas (n. & w.)]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • Mexico (n. & c.)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp. 1995. Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. CRC Press. Note: Revised version of AH 170
  3. Allred, Kelly W. 2008. Flora Neomexicana I: The vascular plants of New Mexico, an annotated checklist to the names of vascular plants with synonymy and bibliography.
  4. Arnow, L. A. 1994. Koeleria macrantha and K. pyramidata (Poaceae): nomenclatural problems and biological distinctions. Syst. Bot. 19:6-20. URL: www.aspt.net/systematic-botany
  5. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas Note: = Koeleria pyramidata
  6. Cronquist, A. et al. 1972-. Intermountain flora. Note: = Koeleria nitida
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  8. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  9. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2 Note: = Koeleria pyramidata
  10. Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California
  11. Hitchcock, A. S. 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. Note: = Koeleria cristata
  12. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000-. Flora of Siberia (English translation) Note: = K cristata subsp. mongolica (Domin) Tzvelev
  13. Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York.
  14. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  15. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1977. Atlas of the Flora of the Great Plains. Note: = Koeleria pyramidata
  16. McVaugh, R. 1983-. Flora Novo-Galiciana. Note: mentions
  17. Morris, K. N. & A. M. Hossain. 2000. As the demand for turfgrass grows, so must turfgrass germplasm collection and evaluation. Diversity 16:15-17. Note: = Koeleria cristata
  18. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  19. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. Note: = Koeleria cristata
  20. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  21. Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource).
  22. Welsh, S. L. et al. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Mem. 9.
  23. Welsh, S. L. et al. 1993. A Utah flora.
  24. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Koeleria macrantha (Ledeb.) Schult. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?314896. Accessed 20 July 2019.