Taxon: Fragaria vesca L. subsp. vesca

 
Genus: Fragaria
Family: Rosaceae
  Subfamily: Rosoideae
      Tribe: Potentilleae
        Subtribe: Fragariinae
Nomen number: 315457
Name Verified on: 16-Mar-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 16-Mar-2009
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR)
Accessions: 38 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • European strawberry  (Source: Food Feed Crops US) - English
  • woodland strawberry  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • fraisier commun  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • fraisier des bois  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Walderbeere  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • morangueiro-bravo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • fresa silvestre  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • fresal común  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (fide Cornucopia)
  • Gene sources: potential for crop quality in strawberry (fide Genet Res Crop Evol, indicates "extraordinary aroma profile")
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of strawberry (based on the genetic knowledge of Fragaria fide Genetics 36:312. 1951)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Russian Federation - Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China - Gansu, - Guizhou, - Jilin, - Shaanxi, - Sichuan, - Xinjiang, - Yunnan
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Iran; Turkey
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Iceland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores; Spain - Canary Islands
  • Northern America

    • : Mexico
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Quebec, - Prince Edward Island, - Newfoundland
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Vermont
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Virginia
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Cuba; Dominican Republic; Haiti; Jamaica
    • Mesoamerica: Guatemala
    • Northern South America: Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

References:

  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Davis, T. M. et al. 2006. Assessment of SSR marker transfer from the cultivated strawberry to diploid strawberry species: functionality, linkage group assignment, and use in diversity analysis J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 131:506-512.
  • Davis, T. M. et al. 2006. Assessment of SSR marker transfer from the cultivated strawberry to diploid strawberry species: functionality, linkage group assignment, and use in diversity analysis J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 131:506-512.
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Scott, D. H. 1950. Cytological studies on polyploids derived from tetraploid Fragaria vesca and cultivated strrawberris (Genetics) 36:312.
  • Staudt, G. 1999. Systematics and geographical distribution of the American strawberry species. Taxonomic studies in the genus Fragaria (Rosaceae: Potentilleae) Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 81:38.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Ulrich, D. et al. 2007. Diversity of aroma patterns in wild and cultivated Fragaria accessions Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 54:1185-1196.
  • Ulrich, D. et al. 2007. Diversity of aroma patterns in wild and cultivated Fragaria accessions Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 54:1185-1196.

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Fragaria vesca L. subsp. vesca :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.