Taxon: Arctotheca calendula (L.) Levyns

Genus: Arctotheca
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
  Subfamily: Cichorioideae
      Tribe: Arctotideae
        Subtribe: Arctotidinae
Nomen number: 316561
Place of publication: J. S. African Bot. 8:284. 1942
Name Verified on: 24-Feb-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 24-Feb-2012
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (nitrate poisonous & cause of hay fever fide Econ Pl Aust)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Invasive Pl Spec; Pl Protect Quart 9(3):94-100. 1994, in Australia; Econ Pl Aust)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Southern Africa: Lesotho; South Africa - KwaZulu-Natal, - Eastern Cape, - Northern Cape, - Western Cape

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
    • Northern Africa: Morocco
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Greece; Italy - Sicily, - Sardinia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain
  • Northern America

    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina - Buenos Aires; Chile

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.


  • Europe

    • Middle Europe: Belgium; Czech Republic
    • Northern Europe: Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Croatia


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62. 1993 (Pl SAfr)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wood, H. 1994. The introduction and spread of capeweed, Arctotheca calendula (L.) Levyns (Asteraceae) in Australia Pl. Protect. Quart. 9(3):94-100.


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