Taxon: Centaurea calcitrapa L.

 
Genus: Centaurea
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Carduoideae
Tribe: Cardueae
Subtribe: Centaureinae
Nomen number: 316612
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:917. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 01-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 01-Mar-2012
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Econ Pl Aust; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine [Krym]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Adventive

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Norway
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Czech Republic, Poland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Latvia


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde, Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Ontario]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, Virginia, District of Columbia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Utah]

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  3. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  4. Boulos, L. & M. N. El-Hadidi The weeds of Egypt. (Weeds Egypt)
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  8. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  9. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  10. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  11. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  12. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  13. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  14. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  15. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  16. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  17. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  18. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  19. Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. (F Cyprus)
  20. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  21. Ochsmann, J. Knapweeds (Centaurea L. and some related genera) in North America (Centaurea Pages)
  22. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  23. Pottier-Alapetite, G. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones. (F Tunis)
  24. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  25. Sell, P. & G. Murrell Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. (F GB Ire)
  26. Stace, C. New flora of the British Isles. (F BritStace)
  27. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  28. USDA National Agricultural Library National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). (Nat Invasive Sp Info)
  29. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)

Check other web resources for Centaurea calcitrapa L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?316612. Accessed 23 April 2018.