Taxon: Centaurea calcitrapa L.

 
Genus: Centaurea
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
  Subfamily: Carduoideae
      Tribe: Cardueae
        Subtribe: Centaureinae
Nomen number: 316612
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:917. 1753
Name Verified on: 01-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 01-Mar-2012
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Econ Pl Aust; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine - Krym
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Switzerland
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Massachusetts, - New Jersey, - New York, - Pennsylvania
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Oregon, - Washington
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - District of Columbia, - Florida, - Georgia, - Maryland, - Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California, - Utah
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay

  • Adventive:

  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Latvia
    • Middle Europe: Czech Republic; Poland
    • Northern Europe: Norway

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  • Boulos, L. & M. N. El-Hadidi The weeds of Egypt. 1984 (Weeds Egypt)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. 1993 (L Macar ed4)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. 1977-1985 (F Cyprus)
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. 1966- (F Liban)
  • Ochsmann, J. Knapweeds (Centaurea L. and some related genera) in North America (Centaurea Pages)
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  • Pottier-Alapetite, G. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones. 1979-1981 (F Tunis)
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  • Sell, P. & G. Murrell Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. 1996- (F GB Ire)
  • Stace, C. New flora of the British Isles. 1995 (F BritStace)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • USDA National Agricultural Library National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). (Nat Invasive Sp Info)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)

Check other web resources for Centaurea calcitrapa L. :