Taxon: Echinochloa colona (L.) Link

Genus: Echinochloa
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Paniceae
Subtribe: Boivinellinae
Nomen number: 316659
Place of publication: Hort. berol. 2:209. 1833
Link to protologue:
Comment: specific epithet commonly misspelled "colonum"
Name Verified on: 27-Apr-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 27-Jan-2017
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 41 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of Indian barnyard millet (based on successful crosses with cultivated E. frumantacea fide Cytologia 27:299, 304. 1962)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of Indian barnyard millet (fide Cytologia 27:304. 1962)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Econ Pl Aust; Weed CIBA)

Distributional Range:



  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya ; Tanzania
    • Macaronesia: Spain Canary Islands
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia ; Sudan
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Egypt ; Libya ; Morocco ; Tunisia
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola ; Zambia
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
    • West Tropical Africa: Cote D'Ivoire ; Guinea ; Niger ; Nigeria
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Zaire
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan ; Taiwan
    • Western Asia: Cyprus ; Egypt Sinai; Israel ; Jordan ; Lebanon ; Syria ; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh ; India ; Nepal ; Pakistan ; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Myanmar ; Thailand
    • Malesia: Indonesia ; Malaysia ; Philippines
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Czech Republic ; Germany
    • Northern Europe: Denmark
    • Southeastern Europe: Greece ; Italy ; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain
  • Northern America

    • United States
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Marshall Islands ; Micronesia ; Palau
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji ; New Caledonia ; Niue
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Puerto Rico
    • Central America: Central America ; Costa Rica
    • Northern South America: Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina ; Chile ; Paraguay
    • Western South America: Colombia ; Ecuador ; Peru

  • Cultivated

  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India ; Nepal


  • Beetle, A. A. Recommended plant names. Univ. Wyoming Agr. Exp. Sta. Res. J. 31. 1970 (Names Beetle)
  • Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  • Catasús Guerra, L. J. 2002. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) de Cuba, II Cavanillesia Altera 3:1-163.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Costea, M. & F. J. Tardif 2002. Taxonomy of the most common weedy European Echinochloa species (Poaceae: Panicoideae) with special emphasis on characters of the lemma and caryopsis (Sida) 20:525-548.
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Gould, F. W. The grasses of Texas. 1975 (Grass Tex)
  • Gould, F. W. et al. 1972. A revision of Echinochloa in the United States Amer. Midl. Naturalist 87:56.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Grubben, G. J. H. & Soetjipto Partohardjono, eds. 1996. Cereals (Pl Res SEAs) 10:87-88.
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. 1950 (Grass US)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • International Development Consortium Invasive species compendium (on-line resource). (Invasive Spec Comp)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Lee, E.-J. et al. 2016. Phylogenetic relationship of Echinochloa species based on simple sequence repeat and phenotypic marker analyses Weed Sci. 64:441-454.
  • Michael, P. W. 2009. Echinochloa colona versus "Echinochloa colonum"(Poaceae) (Taxon) 58:1366-1368.
  • Nicolson, D. H. 1986. Species epithets and gender information (Taxon) 35:324.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. 1979-1991 (F Viti)
  • Soerjani, M. et al., eds. Weeds of rice in Indonesia. 1987 (Weeds Rice Indonesia)
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. 1995- (F VenGuay)
  • 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages (Pl Res SEAs) 4:125-126.
  • Ugarte, E. et al. 2011. Vascular alien flora, Chile (Check List) 7:365-380.
  • Veldkamp, J. F. 1997. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  • Wang, Z. et al., eds. Farmland weeds of China: a collection of coloured illustrative plates. 1990 (Weeds China Farmland)
  • Ward, D. B. 2005. A case of disputed orthography: is it Echinochloa colona; or is it Echinochloa colonum (Gramineae) (Sida) 21:2171-2183.
  • Yabuno, T. 1962. Cytotaxonomic studies of the two cultivated species and the wild relatives in the genus Echinochloa (Cytologia) 27:296-305.
  • Yamaguchi, H. et al. 2005. A molecular phylogeny of wild and cultivated Echinochloa in East Asia inferred from non-coding region sequences of trnT-L-F Weed Biol. Managem. 5:210-218.
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:215.


Check other web resources for Echinochloa colona (L.) Link :